Do your work, and leave the harvest to God and the one to whom he assigns it.


In the Gospel of the Samaritan Woman from this past Sunday, Jesus gives an important teaching on sowing seeds and reaping harvests. The teaching has special importance for us who live in a modern, technological age that is so insistent on instant results. So easily we become resentful and discouraged when our efforts not yield quick fruits, or when solutions take time.

We often take these attitudes to our spiritual life as well. Perhaps we think our progress is too slow. Perhaps we are frustrated because we have prayed for years for someone’s conversion and think that little or nothing has come of it. Yes, too often we fail to remember that there is a delay between the sowing of the seed and the reaping of the harvest. Indeed, there are usually many months that pass between them.

In our technological, instant update, instant download, Internet-infused culture we have lost the patient insight of the farmer. Thus, we do well to listen carefully to what Jesus teaches us about sowing and reaping.

The context of his teaching is the aftermath of an interaction he had with a Samaritan Woman at a well. Having her desires clarified and having been called to conversion by Jesus, she is now beginning to experience the living waters that resulted from the dialogue and the journey she has made with Him. She has left her water jar and run to town joyfully to bring others to the Lord Jesus. The disciples return, and are puzzled that Jesus had been speaking with a woman, something not very common in that modest, segregated culture. In answer to their concerns, Jesus speaks about the harvest, reaping and sowing, and the need to appreciate both aspects of life:

Do you not say, ‘In four months the harvest will be here’? I tell you, look up and see the fields ripe for the harvest! (John 4:35)

Thus Jesus begins his teaching on sowing and reaping. He reminds them of the delay between the sowing of the seed and the reaping of the harvest. And while he is overjoyed as he sees the harvest (the Samaritans walking across the field toward him), Jesus is quick to remind the apostles of the “four months” delay between sowing and reaping.

Yes, Jesus is about to enjoy the harvest. But perhaps his mind also goes back to his many years preparing for ministry, living and working humbly in Nazareth. Perhaps too he thinks of his forty days in the desert, or of his many difficult days walking throughout Galilee preaching, calling disciples, and naming apostles. He also recalls the months of toil and difficulty, the misunderstandings and hostility of others, the slowness of the apostles to understand, the long journey to Samaria, and the long conversation with the Samaritan woman in the heat of the day.

So, the sowing of the seed was but the beginning. Great labor and time were required for the harvest to be realized.

But now the harvest is here, and how glorious it looks as the Samaritans in their white robes come across the field toward him.

Jesus goes on to say,

For here the saying is verified that ‘One sows and another reaps.’ I sent you to reap what you have not worked for; others have done the work, and you are sharing the fruits of their work.”(Jn 4:37-38)

And here too is another very important lesson about sowing and reaping. We often sow seeds that we ourselves will not be able to reap, others will. And we too reap the harvests of seeds that others have sown and tended.

As a priest, I most often walk into buildings I did not build and minister to congregations I did not found. Others have done this, and I am grateful for everything I harvest from their hard work. In my last assignment, I built a 5.5 million dollar building for youth. No sooner was the paint dry than I was transferred. Now others yield a harvest in that building that I struggled to build. But praise the Lord it is bearing fruit!

At the rectory, it is not uncommon for the doorbell to ring and for someone I do not know to ask to speak to me. Some years ago, an older man came to the rectory in just that way and told me that his wife of 47 years had recently died. She had always prayed for him to be baptized, but he had always refused. Now that she was dead, somehow he knew it was finally time for him to be baptized. He asked me to prepare him. I joyfully reaped a harvest of seeds I did not sow. His wife sowed those seeds and watered them with her tears. She did not live to see the harvest in this world, but in fact this was the harvest she had prayed and worked for. Shortly after his baptism, the man died. And now they both enjoy the harvest.

Never give up. Harvests come, but there is time between the sowing of the seeds and the reaping of the harvest. Too many today are easily discouraged by any delay, any separation in time between the sowing and the harvesting. But we must learn to accept this delay; any harvest takes time.

Many also do not like the hard work of planting seeds. They prefer only to reap harvests. But of course life does not work that way. Scripture says, A man will only reap what he sows. Whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows generously will also reap generously (2 Cor 9:6). Scripture also speaks to the difficulty in sowing seeds: Going they went and wept, casting their seeds. But the same verse says of the harvest: they shall come with joyfulness, carrying their sheaves. (Ps 126:6)

The Lord teaches us in this gospel not to be discouraged. There is some delay between the sowing of the season and the reaping of the harvest. Jesus euphemistically refers to it as “four months.” But we all know that it is sometimes much longer than four months. The point is, there is some delay. Indeed, we may not even live to see the fruits of some of the seeds we sow. But we must also realize that we often reap the harvests of those before us who did not live to see the fruits of the seeds they sowed.

Listen carefully to what Jesus teaches here about sowing and reaping. Don’t give up; keep sowing seed; sow it bountifully. Do not worry if you will see the harvest; just know that it is a good and holy thing to sow the seeds. The Lord will bring about the harvest when and where he sees fit. Scripture says And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not (Gal 6:9). And again, I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth. So neither he who plants nor he who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth. (1 Cor 3:6-8)

Do your work; leave the harvest to God and the one to whom he assigns it.

This section of the movie The Color Purple is an allegory of the Samaritan woman bringing the townsfolk to see Jesus:

8 Replies to “Do your work, and leave the harvest to God and the one to whom he assigns it.”

  1. Thank you for writing this, Monsignor. It is just what I needed to read this evening. As a divorcing mother, desperation often seems but a breath away when my children are visiting with their father.

  2. This blog brought me to tears because of the story of the husband, who waited until his wife died to become a Catholic. It would have been so rewarding to the wife, to know her husband had converted before she died. As a husband, that would have haunted me til my time came. We pray often, that our children return to the Catholic Faith. I would even bet that my wife prays that prayer daily. Just to see one of our three remaining grown children return, would be outstanding. Thank you Msgr. for this blog. I will read it to my wife, when she wakes today.

  3. Very good article. l personally struggle with patience and this same impatience is transferred to my spiritual life.

  4. As RCIA Director at my parish, this is reality. I was told to “bird dog” my students after initiation…and I was questioned ‘where did they go?’ if they did not register with the parish. (We do not make parishioner registration mandatory — in fact, I don’t even talk about it until our post-baptism classes). We’re about evangelizing — and that means ‘going’ out beyond the parish boundaries. Actually, most of my students are not even in the geographical boundaries of our parish; today many people choose to attend RCIA classes where it the most convenient time/place for them.
    I do prepare my students (usually 20 each year) with all my heart, soul, mind, and body — and then off they go. Kinda like your children should.
    The most wonderful thing is seeing former students come to be married in the Church or to bring their babies to be baptized or to bring their relatives and friends in to RCIA. That is awesome! That is the harvest!

  5. I have been praying over this issue for quite a while…….I needed to here this….Thank you

  6. Considering the fact that Jesus knew of that day before he laid the foundations of the world, the message of patience and persistence is all the more pertinent. But let this not be an excuse for poor performance, something which is today, all too common.

  7. Good day Msgr. Very powerful message. I am not Catholic. I am a non-denominational Christian, or as I like to put it, a Bible student. As such, I like to soak up any true Christian messages I can. I am military in the Air National Guard, and I am civilian law enforcement in a prison. With these positions, I find myself increasingly frustrated by not seeing the fruits of my labor. However, I can confidently say, I must be one of the many lives God needed this message to go to. I pray I can always keep this message on my heart as I believe this will dramatically change the way I view things in the future. Thank you for allowing God to work through you. Many blessings.

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