From Magi to Wise Men – A Homily for Epiphany


There are so many wonderful details in the Epiphany story: the call of the Gentiles, their enthusiastic response, the significance of the star they seek, the gifts they bring, the dramatic interaction with Herod, and their ultimate rejection of him in favor of Christ.

In this meditation I would like to follow these Magi in their journey of faith to become Wise Men. As Magi, they followed the faint stars, distant points of light; as Wise Men they follow Jesus, who is the ever glorious Light from Light, true God from true God.

We can observe how they journey in stages from the light of a star to the bright and glorious Light of Jesus Christ. And, of course, to authentically encounter the Lord is to experience conversion. All the elements of this story ultimately serve to cause them to “return to their country by another route.” Let’s look at the stages of their journey from being mere Magi to becoming, by God’s grace, Wise Men.

Stage 1. The CALL that COMPLETES  – The text says, When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, “Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We saw his star at its rising and have come to do him homage.” Notice first the identity of these individuals: they are called Magi (μάγοι (magoi) in Greek) and they are from the East.

Exactly what “Magi” are is debated. Perhaps they are learned men; perhaps they are ancient astronomers. We often think of them as kings though the text does not call them that. It also seems likely that Herod would have been far more anxious had they been actual potentates from an Eastern kingdom. In our imagination, we often think of them as kings since Psalm 72, read in today’s Mass, speaks of “kings” coming from the East bearing gifts of gold and frankincense. However, for the record, the text in today’s gospel does not call them kings, but rather “magi.”

Yet here is their key identity: they are Gentiles, and they have been called. Up to this point in the Christmas story, only Jews had found their way to Bethlehem. But now the Gentiles come. This detail cannot be overlooked, for it is clear that the gospel is going out to all the world. This call completes the Church, which needs both Jews and Gentiles.

St. Paul rejoices in this fact in today’s second reading as he says, that the Gentiles are coheirs, members of the same body, and co-partners in the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel (Eph 3:6). Since most of us are not Jewish by ancestry, we ought to rejoice; for in the call of these Magi is prefigured our call.

And notice that God calls them through something in the natural world: a star. God uses something in creation to call out to them.

We do well to wonder what is the “star” that God used to call each of us? Perhaps it was Scripture, but more typically it is someone whom God has used in order to reach us: a parent, a family member, a friend, a priest, a religious sister, or a devoted lay person. Who are the stars in your life through whom God called you?

God can also use inanimate creation, as he did for these Magi. Perhaps it was a magnificent church, or a beautiful painting, or an inspirational song that reached you. By something or someone, God calls each of us; He puts a star in our sky. These wise men, these Magi, followed the call of God and began their journey to Jesus.

Stage 2. The CONSTANCY that CONQUERS – Upon their arrival in Jerusalem, the Magi find a rather confusing and perhaps discouraging situation. The reigning king, Herod, knows nothing of the birth of this new King. It must have seemed probable to the Magi that the newborn King would be related to the current king, so Herod’s surprise may have confused them. But Herod seems more than surprised; he seems threatened and agitated.

Even more puzzling, Herod calls in religious leaders to get further information about this new King. They open the sacred writings and the Magi hear of a promised King. Ah, so the birth of this King has religious significance! How interesting!

But these religious leaders seem unenthusiastic about the newborn King, and after providing the location of His birth, seem to make no effort to follow the Magi. There is no rejoicing, no summoning of the people to tell them that a longed-for King has finally been born, not even further inquiry!

So the wicked (e.g., Herod and his court) are wakeful while the saints are sleepy. How odd this must have seemed to the Magi! Perhaps they even thought about abandoning their search. After all, the actual king knew nothing of this new King’s birth, and those people who did know about it seemed rather uninterested.

Ah, but praise the Lord they persevered in their search; they did not give up!

Thanks be to God, too, that many today have found their way to Christ despite the fact that parents, clergy, and others who should have led them to Jesus were either asleep, ignorant, or just plain lazy. I am often amazed at some of the conversion stories I have heard: people who found their way to Christ and His Church despite some pretty daunting obstacles (e.g., poor religious upbringing, scandalous clergy, and bad role models). God sometimes allows our faith and call to be tested but Those who persevere to the end will be saved (Matt 24:13).

To persevere is to open the door to wisdom, which often must be sought in spite of obstacles. This constancy is often what it takes to overcome the darkness and discouragements of the world.

Stage 3. The CONDESCENSION of CONFESSION – The text says, After their audience with the king they set out. And behold, the star that they had seen at its rising preceded them, until it came and stopped over the place where the child was. They were overjoyed at seeing the star, and on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother. They prostrated themselves and did him homage.

With what little information they have, the Magi set out and continue to follow the call of God through the star.

Note that they enter a “house.” We often think of the Magi as coming that same Christmas night to the cave or stable, but it seems not. Mary, (Joseph), and Jesus are found now in a house. It would seem that decent lodging has now been found. Has it been days since the birth? Perhaps it’s been even longer, but we are likely dealing with a different day than Christmas Day.

Notice too that they “prostrate” themselves before Jesus. The Greek word is προσεκύνησαν (prosekunēsan) which means more literally “to fall down in worship” or “to give adoration.” The word is used twelve times in the New Testament and it is clear each time that religious worship is the purpose of the prostration.

This is no mere act of homage or sign of respect to an earthly king; this is religious worship. This is a confession of faith. So our Magi manifest faith! The beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord. And these Magi are well on their way from being mere Magi to being Wise Men!

But is their faith a real faith or just a perfunctory observance? It’s not enough to answer an altar call or to get baptized. Faith is never alone; it is a transformative relationship with Jesus Christ. So let’s look for the effects of a real and saving faith.

Stage 4. The COUNTING of the COST  There is a cost to discipleship. The Magi are moved to give three symbolic gifts that show some of what true faith includes. And they are costly gifts.

Gold symbolizes all of our possessions. In laying this gift before Jesus, they and we are saying, “I acknowledge that everything I have is yours. I put all my resources and wealth under your authority and will use them only according to your will.” A conversion that has not reached the wallet is not complete.

Frankincense is a resin used in incense and symbolizes the gift of worship. In the Bible, incense is a symbol of prayer and worship (e.g., Psalm 141). In laying down this gift, we promise to pray and worship God all the days of our life, to be in His holy house each Sunday and render Him the praise and worship He is due, to listen to His word and consent to be fed the Eucharist by Him, to worship Him worthily by frequent confession, and to praise Him at all times.

Myrrh is a strange gift for an infant; it is usually understood as a burial ointment. Surely this prefigures Jesus’ death, but it also symbolizes our own. In laying this gift before Jesus we are saying, “My life is yours. I want to die so that you may live your life in me. May you increase and may I decrease. Use me and my life as you will.”

So these three gifts are highly symbolic.

The Magi manifest more than a little homage to Jesus. They are showing forth the fruits of saving faith. And if we can give these gifts, so too are we.

In their holy reverence for God is wisdom in its initial stage!

Stage 5. The CONSEQUENCE of CONVERSION – The text says, And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their country by another way.

Here then is essential evidence for faith: conversion. It is not enough to get “happy” in Church; we have to obey. Hence, these wise men are walking differently now. They are not going home by the same way they came. They’ve changed direction; they’ve turned around (conversio). They are now willing to walk the straight and narrow path that leads to life rather than the wide road that leads to damnation. They are going to obey Christ. They are going to exhibit what St. Paul calls the “obedience of faith” (Rom 1:5; 16:26). They have not just engaged in perfunctory worship; they are showing signs of a true and saving faith. They are not just calling Jesus, “Lord, Lord!” They are doing what He tells them (cf Luke 6:46).

No longer mere Magi, now they are Wise Men!

So there it is. Through careful stages, the Lord has brought the Gentiles (this means you and me) to conversion. He called these Magi to wisdom. They remained constant, confessed Him to be Lord, accepted the cost of discipleship, and manifested conversion. Have you? Have I?

Walk in the ways of the Wise Men! Wise men still seek Him; even wiser ones listen to and obey Him. Are we willing to go back to our country by another route? Is ongoing conversion part of our journey home to Heaven? If Epiphany means “manifestation,” then how is our faith made manifest in our deeds and conversion?

I have it on the best of authority that as the now Wise Men went home by another route, they were singing this Gospel song: “It’s a highway to heaven! None can walk up there but the pure in heart. I am walking up the King’s Highway. If you’re not walking start while I’m talking. There’ll be a blessing you’ll be possessing, walking up the King’s Highway.”

3 Replies to “From Magi to Wise Men – A Homily for Epiphany”

  1. The bit about arriving in Jerusalem and mentioning the “King” who’s already been born goes right to one of my pet peeves about the Magi often being portrayed at the Nativity.
    In my adolescent years I read a secular based article which presented a well put together dispute claiming that the Nativity had nothing beyond the physical norms of the world we’re familiar with. The authour acknowledged something unusual but, only that which normally occurs from time to time. One of the claims was that the birth did not occur in a stable but, in a house.
    Since I was busy; with the changes in my life as I moved on through the transition from childhood and into adult responsibilities; my resultant research was only hurried and I did find what was mentioned in the main post about there being a house. The Magi found the Christ Child in a house.
    Putting off further scrutiny I was left in a state of uncertainty (for decades) until I found that the Magi arrived after the Birth had already occurred. How many people never get around to this thorough scrutiny?
    So, why are the Magi so often displayed in the stable if they weren’t there? Is it to dress up and fancify the display of the event?
    If someone, or many people, need it dressed up with an untruth which lends itself to a cunning detractor to create uncertainty about One who stressed the need for truth, in its purity (John 8:31-34) then maybe we should look closer at the less obvious aspects of the glory which truth can display calmly – instead of adding what seems to be glitsy and obsessive/compulsive flash-iness.

  2. Dear Monsignor,

    Thank you for you beautiful homily. I pray that God gives all priests the same gifts that you have to explain the scriptures to us. Thank you for you priesthood. I always pray for holy priests. Please pray for my marriage.

    Gilbert Campos

  3. You are my star Monsignor and in following the star, I find Jesus at the end of my daily journey which inevitably causes ‘metanoia’…. albeit in small quantities. But I am not worried because ‘Rome was not built in one day’. Besides Jesus said one must carry his cross daily.

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