There is an urgency and clarity about today’s Gospel that is often lacking in modern Christians, including the clergy. In this Gospel, the message is urgent, provocative, and clear: there is a day of judgment coming for every one of us and we simply must be ready. The message is a sobering one for a modern world that is often dismissive of judgment and certainly of Hell. Yet Jesus says clearly that the Kingdom of God can be taken from us for our refusal to accept its fruits in our life.
Parables used by Jesus to teach on judgment and the reality of Hell are often quite vivid, even shocking in their harsh imagery. They are certainly not stories for the easily offended. And they are also difficult to take for those who have tried to refashion Jesus into a pleasant, affirming sort of fellow rather than the uncompromising prophet and Lord that He is.
No one spoke of Hell more often than Jesus did. Attempting to reconcile these bluntly presented teachings with the God who loves us so, points to the deeper mysteries of justice and mercy and their interaction with human freedom. But this point must be clear: no one loves us more than Jesus does and yet no one spoke of Hell and its certainty more often than Jesus did. No one warned us of judgment and its inescapable consequences more often than did Jesus. Out of love for us, Jesus speaks of death, judgment, Heaven, and Hell. As one who loves us, He wants none of us to be lost. So He warns us; He speaks the truth in love.
Historically, this parable had meaning for the ancient Jews that had already come to pass. God had established and cared for his vine, Israel. He gave them every blessing, having led them out of slavery and established them in the Promised Land. Yet searching for the fruits of righteousness he found little. Then, sending many prophets to warn and call forth those fruits, the prophets were persecuted, rejected, and even murdered. Finally, God sent His Son, but He too was murdered. There comes forth a sentence: He will put those wretched men to a wretched death and lease his vineyard to other tenants who will give him the produce at the proper times … Therefore, I say to you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people that will produce its fruit. By 70 AD, Jerusalem was destroyed; the Temple was never to be rebuilt.
The Jewish people are not singled out in the Scriptures, for we all, like them, are a vineyard, and if we are not careful, their story will be our own story. We, like the ancients, have a decision to make. Either we accept the offer of the Kingdom and thereby yield to the Lord’s work and bring forth a harvest, or we face judgment for the fact that we have chosen to reject the offer of the Kingdom. God will not force us to accept His Kingship or His Kingdom. We have a choice to make and that choice will be at the heart of the judgment we will face.
Let’s take a closer look at the Gospel and apply it to the vineyard of our lives.
I. THE SOWING – The text says, There was a landowner who planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a tower. Then he leased it to tenants and went on a journey.
Note the care and providence of the landowner (God) who has given each of us life and every kind of grace. The image of the vineyard indicates that we have the capacity to bear fruit. This signifies the many gifts, talents, and abilities that we have been given by God.
The hedge calls to mind the protection of His grace and mercy. Though the world can be a tempting place, God has put a hedge of protection around us that is sufficient to keep us safe from serious sin, if we accept its power.
But note, too, that a hedge implies limits. And thus God’s protective graces, though sufficient, mean that we must live within limits, within the hedge that keeps the wild animals of temptation from devouring the fruits of our vine.
The tower is symbolic of the Church, which stands guard like a watchman warning of dangers to us who live within the boundaries of the hedge. And the tower (the Church) is also standing forth as a sign of contradiction to the hostile world outside, which seeks to devour the fruit of the vineyard.
That the landowner leases the the vineyard is a reminder that we are not our own; we have been purchased at great cost. God and God alone created all these things we call our own. We are but stewards, even of our very lives. We belong to God and must render an account and show forth fruits as we shall next see.
But this point must be emphasized: God has given us great care; He has given us His grace, His mercy, His very self. As the text from Isaiah says, What more was there to do for my vineyard that I had not done? God loves us and does not want us to be lost. He gives us every grace and mercy we need to make it. The Lord says, As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that they turn from their ways and live. Turn! Turn from your evil ways! Why will you die, O house of Israel? (Ez 33:11) This must be emphasized before we grumble too quickly about the subsequent judgment that comes. God offers every possible grace to save us. It is up to us to accept or reject the help.
II. THE SEEKING – The text says, When vintage time drew near, he sent his servants to the tenants to obtain his produce.
There come moments in our lives when God looks for fruits. Remember that He is the owner and the fruits are rightfully His. He has done everything to bring forth the fruit and now deserves to see the produce of His grace in the vineyard of our life, which is His own.
And what fruits does the Lord seek? The values and fruits of the Kingdom: faith, justice, mercy, peace, forgiveness, chastity, faithfulness, generosity, love of the poor, love of one’s family and friends, even love of one’s enemy, kindness, truth, sincerity, courage to speak the truth and witness to the faith, and an evangelical spirit.
Note, too, that the text says he sends servants to obtain the produce. Here also is evidence of God’s mercy. Historically, God’s “servants” were the prophets. And God sent the prophets not only to bring forth the harvest of justice, but also to remind, clarify, and apply God’s Word and warn sinners. God patiently sent many generations of prophets to help Israel.
It is the same for us. God sends us many prophets to remind, clarify, apply, and warn. Perhaps they are priests or religious, parents, catechists, teachers, or role models. But they are all part of God’s plan to warn us to bear fruit and to help call forth and obtain some of those very fruits for God. Each in his own way says, as St. Paul did in today’s second reading, Whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is gracious, if there is any excellence and if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things. Keep on doing what you have learned and received and heard and seen in me (Phil 4:8-9).
Yes, God seeks fruits, and rightfully so. And He sends His servants, the prophets, to help call them forth in us.
III. THE SINNING – The text says, But the tenants seized the servants and one they beat, another they killed, and a third they stoned. Again he sent other servants, more numerous than the first ones, but they treated them in the same way. Finally, he sent his son to them, thinking, ‘They will respect my son.’ But when the tenants saw the son, they said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and acquire his inheritance.’ They seized him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
Thus, despite all God has done by sending His servants, the prophets, the tenants reject them all, and with increasing vehemence. Their hearts grow harder. The landowner (God) even goes so far to demonstrate his love and his will to save, that he sends his own son. But they drag him outside the vineyard and kill him. Yes, Jesus died outside the city gates, murdered for seeking the fruit of faith from the tenants of the vineyard.
And what of us? There are too many who reject God’s prophets. They do so with growing vehemence and abusive treatment. Many today despise the Church, despise the Scriptures, despise fathers, mothers, friends, and Christians in general who seek to clarify and apply God’s Word and to warn of the need to be ready. It is quite possible that, for any of us, repeated resistance can cause a hardening of the heart to set in. In the end, there are some, in fact many according to Jesus, who effectively kill the life of God within them and utterly reject the Kingdom of God and its values. They do not want to live lives that show forth forgiveness, mercy, love of enemies, chastity, justice, love of the poor, generosity, kindness, and witness to the Lord and the truth.
We ought to be very sober as there are many, many today who are like this. Some have merely drifted away and are indifferent. (Some, we must say, have been hurt or are struggling to believe, but at least they remain open.) Still others are passionate in their hatred for the Church, Scripture, and anything to do with God, and they explicitly reject many, if not most of the kingdom values listed above. We must be urgent to continue in our attempt to reach them, as we shall see.
IV. THE SENTENCE – The text says, What will the owner of the vineyard do to those tenants when he comes? They answered him, ‘He will put those wretched men to a wretched death and lease his vineyard to other tenants who will give him the produce at the proper times.’ Therefore, I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people that will produce its fruit.
Here then is the sentence: if you don’t want the Kingdom, you don’t have to have it. At one level, it would seem to us that everyone wants the Kingdom, i.e., everyone who has any faith in God at all wants to go to Heaven. But what is Heaven? It is the fullness of the Kingdom of God. It is not just a place of our making. It is that place where the will of God, where the Kingdom’s values are in full flower. But as we have seen, there are many who do not want to live chastely, do not want to forgive, do not want to be generous to and love the poor, do not want God or anyone else at the center, do not want to worship God.
Self exclusion – Having rejected the Kingdom’s values, and having rejected the prophets who warned them, many simply exclude themselves from the Kingdom. God will not force the Kingdom on anyone. If you don’t want it, even after God’s grace and mercy and His pleading through the prophets, you don’t have to have it. It will be taken from you and given to those who do want it and appreciate its help.
The existence of Hell is rooted essentially in God’s respect for our freedom, for we have been called to love. But love must be free, not compelled. Hence, Hell has to be. It is the “alternative arrangement” that others make for themselves in their rejection of the Kingdom of God. At some point, God calls the question, and at death our decision is forever fixed.
Yes, Hell and the judgment that precedes it, are clearly taught here and in many other places by Jesus (e.g., Matt 23:33; Lk 16:23; Mk 43:47; Matt 5:29; Matt 10:28; Matt 18:9; Matt 5:22; Matt 11:23; Matt 7:23; Matt 25:41; Mk 9:48; Luke 13:23; Rev 22:15; and many, many more). This is taught by a Lord who loves us and wants to save us, but who is also well aware of our stubborn and stiff-necked ways.
What is a healthy response to this teaching? To work earnestly for the salvation of souls, beginning with our own. Nothing has so destroyed evangelization and missionary activity as the modern notion that everyone goes to Heaven. Nothing has so destroyed any zeal for the moral life or hunger for the Sacraments, prayer, and Scripture. And nothing is so contrary to Scripture as the dismissal of Hell and the notion that all are going to Heaven.
But rather than panic or despair, we ought to get to work and be more urgent in our quest to win souls for Christ. Who is it that the Lord wants you to work with to draw back to Him? Pray and ask Him, “Who, Lord?” The Lord does not want any to be lost. But, as of old, He still sends His prophets (this means you) to draw back anyone who will listen. Will you work for the Lord? Will you work for souls? For there is a day of judgment looming and we must be made ready for it by the Lord. Will you be urgent about it, for yourself and others?
Photo Credit: Jean-Yves Roure
This video features the words of an old spiritual: Sinner please don’t let this harvest pass, and die and lose your soul at last. I made this video more than a year ago and in it there is a picture of Fr. John Corapi preaching. Since I made it long before his recent “troubles,” please do not attribute any implication from me by its inclusion; it is simply indicative of the “age” of the video.
10 Replies to “Sinner Please Don’t Let This Harvest Pass – A Homily for the 27th Sunday of the Year”
May the Jewish nation learn to embrace the Lord Jesus while there is still time.
I will diagnose the problem slightly differently.
The problem is one that has afflicted humanity ever since the fall: We think we know better than God.
The instructions from Christ are very simple, both in the Gospel and consistently taught by the Church through the Magisterium and the liturgy: Preach the Gospel, Celebrate the Sacraments!
But we think we know better, just like the Israelites who did not trust God for protection, but instead executed a treaty with the Egyptians. We see the problems around us (abortion, poverty, war, violence) and come up with the solutions that seem logical to us. However, in doing so we neglect the divine command.
Abortion is a plague? Don’t protest, Preach the Gospel, Celebrate the Sacraments.
Violence on our streets? Don’t pick up a gun, Preach the Gospel, Celebrate the Sacraments.
Poverty? Don’t form a union, Preach the Gospel, Celebrate the Sacraments.
Threat from Islam? Don’t rev up the military, Preach the Gospel, Celebrate the Sacraments.
If we do our job and preach the Gospel, and celebrate the Sacraments, all of those problems will quickly disappear. If we continue to rely on solutions that seem logical to us, then those problems will never go away.
We must take actions in the natural order that are prudential.
The practice of supernatural faith does not negate the need to use practical reason.
Though we must realize that practical reason is quite limited on our part.
We are to use prudence to do what we must against various situations, but also trust that God’s power takes over where our ability ends.
Th Holy Catholic Church is Israel… Catholics, understand that you are now The People of God, You are the Israelites of today… We must all start to take the faith seriously again as we are now the caretakers of The Vinyard…
Mr. Barlow is spot on. The fundamental problem in the Catholic Church is rooted, and was born from, the priesthood losing its way.
Apostles and disciples were not called by Christ to do the same thing. The Apostles were called to do more than the mere following of Christ to which the disciples were called. Christ’s “do this”, “feed my”, “bind and loose”, and giving the Keys to Peter set them apart from the disciples who were called to follow Him and His teachings – which included the Laws of God already revealed.
The fact is being a disciple is the gentle and easy path Christ calls man to; on this path one merely keeps the old and new Commandments (the 10 Commandments and Christ’s Commandments) and performs acts of Charity to the poor (of spirit and of material/food).
The path of the Apostle is far more difficult, and far more different. Not only are they called to the same things as the disciples, but also to preach His Word and offer His Sacraments.
Where the priesthood has become lost is identical to the fall of Adam. Christ told the Apostles to preach His Word, not to go out and change it to a more palatable, acceptable form. Nor did He tell them to go out and tell their story – which is what most priests do since Vatican II. As such many priests have opened their hearts and egos to grave attacks from Satan. The manifestation of this fundamental error has been twofold: first, Homilies filled with opinions that are focused on social-justice concerns, and not the soul; second, the priest when offering the Mass has turned His back on Christ Crucified above the Altar and in the Tabernacle and has cast his eyes on the “his flock”. Both these have powerful, and profound effects upon the spirit, heart and soul of the priest. Most priest are clearly far, far more in-love with the love of those in the parish who gather around them like sycophants.
Every fall going on in the west can be traced back to this one fall.
Here’s an example of how bad it has become. I told a priest in my parish about a drop of Christ’s precious Blood which fell to the floor during Mass – he said, “oh, that’s no big deal, they’ll mop it up tomorrow” (I am aware of the principle of accidental species). Today during Mass this same priest said today’s Gospel meant one could not be a Christian, a true follower of Christ and support illegal-immigration. This same priest during a Mass dedicated to teaching young candidates for Confirmation, one where each part of the Mass was explained, said the Mass was “a party, a celebration, were we come together to sing and share in community and give thanks – it is not a time we come together to be quiet or to focused on heavy things, it’s a time of celebration!” (paraphrased, but it conveys the presentation – no mention was made of the sacred, or that one may be before a sacred sacrifice of Christ Crucified).
“No one spoke of Hell more often than Jesus did.” … “Parables used by Jesus to teach on judgment and the reality of Hell are often quite vivid, even shocking in their harsh imagery. They are certainly not stories for the easily offended. And they are also difficult to take for those who have tried to refashion Jesus into a pleasant, affirming sort of fellow rather than the uncompromising prophet and Lord that He is.”
So true, Father, so true. Sadly, most priests have been formed into effeminate social-workers sowing fields of pleasant affirming people who think life is simply about helping make sure everyone has food and shelter … and after their obligatory time in charitable works, the world is theirs to pick and choose the pleasures they want to drink deeply of.
Looking at the title one is moved to hope; thinking about changes to apeas the world today when the scripture should remain solvent and in due form, We are not the Jews, we are the gentiles and the new testament is where we should find the answers not the old, for Jesus said I have come to furfill the Law not to destroy it.
Yours in Christ
I appreciate your reminder that hell is a choice–the free rejection of God and His Kingdom. It inspires me to cultivate a deeper desire for heaven in myself and in those souls that are entrusted to me.
Thank you, Msgr Pope.
The Jews are the Chosen People and we as Catholic are the continuation of the Chosen. The continuation of the Call of Abraham moves forward through Christ’s Church. And we like Abraham need to embrace God’s call and walk with Him in total love and faith. If we walk with God and ask Him daily to use us, inviting Him into our soul through the reception of the Eucharist, in the moments of each day He will work through us. We must pray and fast daily (if only in the little way) with joy and peace in the accompany of the Saints and Angels. Through our own walk with Jesus Christ others will follow and walk with Him.
I love Enoch, descendent of Seth.
I remember reading once something that goes like “you have to do everything as if it depended on you and then leave it in God’s hands as if it depended entirely on him”.
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