(N.B. This is part one of a sermon series wherein I explore the “why” of the Trinity. In Part Two I strive to explore the “so what” and “now what” of the teaching. Part two is here: Plain Talk about Family Life on the Feast of the Trinity).
There is an old Spiritual that says, My God is so high, you can’t get over him, he’s so low, you can’t get under him, he’s so wide you can’t get around him, you must come in, by and through the Lamb.
Not a bad way of saying that God is other; He is beyond what human words can tell or describe; He is beyond what human thoughts can conjure. And on the Feast of the Most Holy Trinity we do well to remember that we are pondering a mystery that cannot fit in our minds.
A mystery, though, is not something wholly unknown. In the Christian tradition the word “mystery” refers to something partially revealed, much more of which lies hidden. Thus, as we ponder the teaching on the Trinity, though there are some things we can know by revelation, but much more is beyond our reach or understanding.
Let’s ponder the Trinity by exploring it, seeing how it is exhibited in Scripture, and how we, who are made in God’s image, experience it.
I. The Teaching on the Trinity Explored – Perhaps we do best to begin by quoting the Catechism, which says, The Trinity is One. We do not confess three Gods, but one God in three persons: [Father, Son and Holy Spirit] … The divine persons do not share the one divinity among themselves but each of them is God, whole and entire (Catechism, 253).
So there is one God, and the three persons of the Trinity each possess the one Divine nature fully. The Father IS God; He is not 1/3 of God. Likewise the Son, Jesus, IS God; He is not 1/3 of God. And so too, the Holy Spirit IS God, not a mere third of God. So each of the three persons possesses the one Divine nature fully.
It is our experience that if there is only one of something, and I possess that something fully, there is nothing left for you. Yet, mysteriously, each of the Three Persons fully possesses the one and only Divine Nature fully while remaining a distinct person.
One of the great masterpieces of the Latin Liturgy is the preface for Trinity Sunday. The preface sets forth the Christian teaching on the Trinity compactly, yet clearly. The following translation of the Latin is my own:
It is truly fitting and just, right and helpful unto salvation that we should always and everywhere give thanks to you O Holy Lord, Father almighty and eternal God: who, with your only begotten Son and the Holy Spirit are one God, one Lord: not in the oneness of a single person, but in a Trinity of one substance. For that which we believe from your revelation concerning your glory, we acknowledge of your Son and the Holy Spirit without difference or distinction. Thus, in the confession of the true and eternal Godhead there is adored a distinctness of persons, a oneness in essence, and an equality in majesty, whom the angels and archangels, the Cherubim also and the Seraphim, do not cease to daily cry out with one voice saying: Holy, Holy, Holy …
Wowza! A careful and clear masterpiece, but one which baffles the mind as its words and phrases come forth. So deep is this mystery that we had to invent a paradoxical word to summarize it: Triune (or Trinity). “Triune” literally means “Three-one” (tri+unus) and “Trinity” is a conflation of “Tri-unity” meaning the “three-oneness” of God.
If all this baffles you, good! If you were to say you fully understood all this, I would have to call you a heretic. For the teaching on the Trinity, while not contrary to reason per se, does transcend it.
And here is a final picture or image before we leave our exploration stage. The picture at the upper right is an experiment I remember doing back in high school. We took three projectors, each of which projected a circle. One circle was red, another green, and another blue. As we made the three circles intersect, the color white appeared at the intersection (see above). Mysteriously, three colors are present there, but only one shows forth. There are three but there is one. This analogy for the Trinity is not perfect (no analogy is, or it wouldn’t be an analogy), because Father, Son, and Spirit do not “blend” to make God. But the analogy does manifest a mysterious “three-oneness” of the color white. Somehow in the one, three are present. (By the way, this experiment only works with light, don’t try it with paint. 🙂 )
II. The Teaching on the Trinity Exhibited – Scripture, too, presents images and pictures of the Trinity. Interestingly enough, most of the pictures I want to present are from the Old Testament.
Now I want to say, as a disclaimer, that Scripture scholars debate the meaning of the texts I am about to present; that’s what they get paid the big bucks to do! Let me be clear in pointing out that I am reading these texts as a New Testament Christian and I am thus seeing in them a Doctrine that only later became clear. I am not getting in a time machine and trying to understand them as a Jew from the 8th Century BC might have understood them. And why should I? That’s not what I am. I am reading these texts as a Christian in the light of the New Testament, as I have a perfect right to do. You the reader, of course, are free to decide from your perspective if these texts really ARE images or hints of the Trinity. Take them or leave them. Here they are:
1. From today’s first reading: Having come down in a cloud, the Lord stood with Moses there and proclaimed his name, “LORD.” Thus the Lord passed before him and cried out, “The LORD, the LORD, a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in kindness and fidelity.” And thus we see that the LORD announces his name three times, LORD … LORD … LORD. It is not without some implied instruction that the LORD announces his name formally three times as if to say, “LORD” once for each person. Is it a coincidence or of significance? You decide.
2. Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness …” (Gen 1:26). So God speaks to Himself in the plural: “let us … our …” Some claim this is just an instance of the “royal we” being used. Perhaps, but I see an image of the Trinity. There is one (God said) but there is also a plural (us, our). Right at the very beginning in Genesis there is already a hint that God is not all by himself, but is in a communion of love.
2. Elohim?? In the quote above, the word used for God is אֱלֹהִ֔ים (Elohim). Now it is interesting that this word is in a plural form. From the viewpoint of pure grammatical form, Elohim means “Gods.” However, the Jewish people understood the sense of the word to be singular. Now this is a much debated point and you can read something more of it from a Jewish perspective here: Elohim as Plural yet Singular. My point here is not to try to understand it as a Jew from the 8th Century B.C. or as a Jew today might understand it. Rather, what I find interesting to observe is that one of the main words for God in the Old Testament is plural yet singular, singular yet plural. It is one, yet it is also plural. God is one, yet he is three. As a Christian noticing this about one of the main titles of God, I see an image of the Trinity.
3. And the LORD appeared to [Abram] by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men stood in front of him. When he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the earth, and said, “My Lord, if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by your servant. Let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree, while I fetch a morsel of bread, that you may refresh yourselves, and after that you may pass on — since you have come to your servant.” So they said, “Do as you have said.” (Gen 18:1-5). Now from a purely grammatical point of view, this passage is very difficult since it switches back and forth from singular references to plural ones. Note first that the Lord (singular) appeared to Abram. (In this case יְהוָ֔ה Yahweh (YHWH) is the name used for God). And yet what Abram sees is three men. Some have said that this is just God and two angels. But I see the Trinity being alluded to here. But then Abram addresses “them” saying, “My Lord” (singular). The “tortured” grammar continues as Abram asks that water be fetched so that he can “wash your feet” (singular) and that the “LORD” (singular) can rest yourselves (plural). The same thing happens in the next sentence in which Abram wants to fetch bread that you (singular) may refresh yourselves (plural). In the end, the LORD (singular) gives answer, but it is rendered: “So they said.” Plural, singular … which is it? Both. God is one; God is three. For me as a Christian, this is a picture of the Trinity. Since the reality of God cannot be reduced to words, we have here a grammatically difficult passage. But I “see” what is going on. God is one and God is three; He is singular and yet He is plural.
4. In the year that King Uzziah died I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and his train filled the temple. Above him stood the Seraphim; each had six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. And one called to another and said: “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory.” (Is 6:1-3). God is Holy, Holy, and yet again, Holy. Some say this is just a Jewish way of saying “very Holy,” but as Christian, I see more. I see a reference to each of the Three Persons. Perfect praise here requires three “holys”—why? Omni Trinum Perfectum (all things are perfect in threes), but why? So as a Christian, I see the angels not just using the superlative but also praising each of the Three persons. God is three (Holy, Holy, Holy) and God is one. And so the text says, “Holy IS the Lord.” Three declarations of “Holy”—coincidence or of significance? You decide.
5. In the New Testament there are obviously many references, but let me make note here of just three. Jesus says, The Father and I are one (Jn 10:30). He says again, To have seen me is to have seen the Father (Jn. 14:9). And, have you ever noticed that in the baptismal formula Jesus uses “bad” grammar? He says, Baptize them in the Name (not names as it “should” be) of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (Matt 28:19). God is One (name) and God is Three (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).
Thus Scripture exhibits the teaching of the Trinity, even going back to the beginning.
III. The Teaching of the Trinity Experienced – We who are made in the image and likeness of God ought to experience something of the mystery of the Trinity within us. And sure enough, we do.
For it is clear that we are all distinct individuals. I am not you, and you are not I. Yet it is also true that we are made for communion. As humans, we cannot exist apart from one another. Obviously we depend on our parents, through whom God made us. But even beyond physical descent, we need one another for completion.
Despite what old songs say, no man is a rock or an island. There is no such thing as a self-made man. Even the private business owner needs customers, suppliers, shippers, and other middlemen. He uses roads he did not build, has electricity supplied to him over lines he did not string, and speaks a language to his customers that he did not create. Further, whatever the product he makes, he is likely the beneficiary of technologies and processes he did not invent. The list could go on and on.
We are individual, but we are social. We are one, but linked to many. Clearly we do not possess the kind of unity God does, but the “three-oneness” of God echoes in us. We are one, yet we are many.
We have entered into perilous times in which our interdependence and communal influence are underappreciated. That attitude that prevails today is one of rather extreme individualism: “I can do as I please.” There is a reduced recognition of how our individual choices affect the whole of the community, Church, or nation. That I am an individual is true, but it is also true that I live in communion with others and must respect that dimension of who I am. I exist not only for me, but for others. And what I do affects others, for good or ill.
The “It’s none of my business what others do” attitude also needs some attention. Privacy and discretion have important places in our life, but so does having concern for what others do and think, the choices they make, and the effects that such things have on others. A common moral and religious vision is an important thing to cultivate. It is important what others think and do, and we should care about fundamental things like respect for life, love, care for the poor, education, marriage, and family. Indeed marriage and family are fundamental to the community, the nation, and the Church. I am one, but I am also in communion with others and they with me.
Finally there is a rather remarkable conclusion that some have drawn: the best image of God in us is not a man alone, or a woman alone, but rather a man and a woman together in a lasting and fruitful relationship we call marriage. For when God said, “Let us make man in our image” (Genesis 1:26) the text goes on to say, “Male and female he created them” (Genesis 1:27). And God says to them, “Be fruitful and multiply” (Gen 1:28). So the image of God (as God sets it forth most perfectly) is the married and fruitful couple.
Here of course we must be careful to understand that what we manifest sexually, God manifests spiritually. For God is not male or female in His essence. Thus we may say, The First Person loves the Second Person and the Second Person loves the First Person. And so real is that love that it bears fruit in the Third Person. In this way the married couple images God, for the husband loves his wife and the wife loves her husband, and their love bears fruit in their children. 
So today, as we extol the great mystery of the Trinity, we look not merely outward and upward to understand, but also inward to discover that mystery at work in us, who are made in the image and likeness of God.
7 Replies to “My God Is So High, You Can’t Get Over Him … A Sermon for the Feast of the Holy Trinity”
Your picture of the three colours intertwining giving white in the middle is indeed the stuff of physics because white light is indeed composed of the seven colours of the rainbow and can always be returned to its seven colours by using a prism. In your depiction you do indeed have seven colours if one counts white as a colour (even though it is not a colour)…and I am having the same trouble as you had with your spell-checker because it wants to change my spelling of colour into the American spelling without the ‘u’ (I have corrected it). I think that you have hit on quite a good way of depicting the Trinity with your Venn Diagram.
Personally, I have always been most impressed with St.Thomas Aquinas’s reasoning of the Trinity. He comes so close to actually explaining it!
This hymn came to mind after reading your sermon Msgr.
Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God Almighty!
early in the morning my praise shall rise to thee
Holy, Holy, Holy Merciful and Mighty!
God in Three Persons, Blessed Trinity!
… and this one too
To You Great One in Three
Eternal Praises be
Your Sovreign Majesty,
may we in Glory see
and till Eternity,
Love and Adore!
Yeah and truly I whole heartedly agree that in Marriage do we find the most perfect image of the Blessed Trinity, and this being the reason why the Devil makes various attempts to thwart the Image of God (Same-Sex Union [it’s no marriage to me], Divorce and the likes). Thank God for His Church.
Omni Trinum Perfectum
God Bless you Msgr!
You’ve been a blessing to my life in its entirety.
Thank you Rev.Msgr ., for trying to help persons with the mystery of the Trinity ; if those of the other monotheistic faiths also could grasp the truth better , their fear about us could diminish ;
yet , that might take atleast the baptism of desire and article such as this could help to foster same .
St.Paul talks of The Father as inapporachable light ..and of The Son as His image , as in the globes above but may be more like the light /love of one pouring into the other , in an ongoing , eternal manner and the intersecting of that outpouring being The Spirit of Both as The Holy Spirit , rising as ‘Abba ‘ from The Son too and from all whom The Son has poured same into !( Lord forgive me, if have unintentionally stepped into some form of heresy !Yet, this is from the belief that a God of Love would not make this topic as one of frustration but more one of sweetness and awe with reason ! )
B.Emmerich mentions The Spirit at Pentecost , as a globe of Light , with streams of light all around as the wings , entering the mouths of the Apostles !
Seems saints such as St.Faustina grasped more , on that inner relaity and may be it takes that closeness to The God of truth , to see and sense more, into the life of The Trinity !
May the efforts to know and love be there in many hearts with the hope of being fulfilled of same , for all eternity !
I again see what I referred to, a few years ago here, as a Venn diagram but; that may be too limiting because your 3 colours in one seem better, to me, to illustrate a vast concept than the more precise measurements which the Venn diagram assists and lends itself to. Oh dear, ended a sentence with a preposition but, since I can’t think of a better way to express, at the moment, I’ll leave it to “artistic licence” or such.
At any rate, while not claiming to have anything like a perfect understanding of The Trinity, I will (on today, Father’s Day) mention a comparison that I came up with during a discussion with my father (now deceased) who, although he was imperfect, still holds my respect because he remained very dedicated to his responsablilities toward the family.
My father, as the family leader, did very little tangeable work in the home but delegated responsability among us and further delegated the delegating of other responsablilities to my mother. When we travelled as a family he did most of the driving and guiding the family through the potential hazards of the public roads where people have been (and sometimes still are) injured or killed because of undue attention. At such times he probably gave little thought to how a car functioned – in the mecahnical sense.
He was, however, employed as a mechanic through most of my life, and would save broken automobiles from the refinement of the smelter (Daniel 12:10? I prefer this reference because it appears to offer more chance to those who are wise enough to accept) by repairing them. Due to his skill he rarely shed his blood during his work of saving these cars but, there were times when a wrench would slip and knuckles were skinned. Some autos were sadly beyond saving and went through the scrap yard to the smelter. Not just because it was inevitable due to their age either – as can be seen when encountering classic, and antique, automobiles in parades or at car shows. All can be saved.
The diagnostic screens which display such intangeable aspects as electrical current in wires that flowed in different, carefully co-ordinated, sequences so that such things as a spark (at a very precise moment) could ignite the very tangeable fuel to energize the car, truck, heavy equipment, etc to do what it did. Work being more evident in front end loaders and other equipment. This diagnostic devices were still new, and not yet to today’s standard, but he understood and used them to contribute to his repairs. These intangeable aspects were not a physical part of the automobile but were necessary and, keeping them in order was (and still is) very critical.
When he was family leader his different aspects were in a different order of priorities and of varying relative strengths than when he pulled wrenches or when he adjusted the electrical interactions. Differences which appeared between the other aspects.
He was always the same person but, his mindset, ways of communicating and thinking things through were very different than at the other two and, at times, he would almost appear as a different person in one mode than the other.
Like the father of the prodigal son he was an imperfect human but was willing to make sacrifices for the benefit of myself and my siblings part.
Oops. Mentioned that my father’s work in the home was usually intangeable but, his “hands on” during the construction went from pick and shovel to cutting and nailing, roofing and a lot more.
Twice. Once in our prairie home and once in our island home.
Even in the Tent of the Meeting and Temple we see the triune God represented: the Arc of the Covenant (God the Father), the Showbread (lechem ha Panim or bread of the presence, God the Son) and the Menorah (the Holy Spirit). These were the most important items in the Temple and were all made of gold.
I remember another “old Spiritual”: Rock-a my soul in the bosom of Abraham.
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