The Feast Yesterday of the Presentation of Jesus was a rich fare. In my homily I did not have time to cover all I wanted to. Frankly, the moment of the Presentation was one of the most dramatic in Biblical history, and yet almost no one noticed. Lets consider this astonishing moment.
The first part of this post is review for those of you who read regularly. To skip to the newer insights goo down to the red line.
Joseph and Mary have ascended to Jerusalem to fulfill two ancient mandates: the Rite of Purification for a woman after childbirth and the Rite of Presentation of their firstborn male child, Jesus. These rites set the stage for a dramatic moment in Biblical history, a moment missed by almost everyone. We shall explore this dramatic moment shortly but first a little background.
Jewish law considered that, after a woman gave birth she became ritually impure for a period. While this seems unjust to us, the Jewish notion was rooted in the flow of blood that occurred in childbirth and just about anyone who came in contact with blood incurred a ritual uncleanness for a period of time. The Book of Leviticus has this to say regarding a woman who has given birth:
The LORD said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites: ‘A woman who becomes pregnant and gives birth to a son will be ceremonially unclean for seven days, just as she is unclean during her monthly period. On the eighth day the boy is to be circumcised. Then the woman must wait thirty-three days to be purified from her bleeding. She must not touch anything sacred or go to the sanctuary until the days of her purification are over. If she gives birth to a daughter, for two weeks the woman will be unclean, as during her period. Then she must wait sixty-six days to be purified from her bleeding. ” ‘When the days of her purification for a son or daughter are over, she is to bring to the priest at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting a year-old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a dove for a sin offering. He shall offer them before the LORD to make atonement for her, and then she will be ceremonially clean from her flow of blood.” ‘These are the regulations for the woman who gives birth to a boy or a girl. If she cannot afford a lamb, she is to bring two doves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for her, and she will be clean.’ ” (Lev 12:1-8).
As you can see, there is a fairly negative concept at work here from a modern viewpoint. A woman becomes ritually unclean by giving birth. This was due not to birth per se but to the flow of blood and/or other fluids at birth. Even more distressing to modern notions is that a woman who gave birth to a daughter was considered ritually unclean for even longer! Alas, it is well that the power of the Church to bind and loose has freed us from this thinking. Keep in mind that this was ceremonial law, not moral law and, hence, the Church is not setting aside immutable moral law in abrogating such notions of ritual impurity.
Obedient to the Law – Nevertheless Joseph and Mary, obedient to law make the dramatic ascent to the Temple, the Son of God carried in Mary’s arms. It is forty days since the birth of the Lord in fulfillment of the Law.
As they ascend the glorious steps to the Temple Mount they also fulfil another requirement of the Law:
You are to give over to the LORD the first offspring of every womb. All the firstborn males of your livestock belong to the LORD. Redeem with a lamb every firstborn donkey, but if you do not redeem it, break its neck. Redeem every firstborn among your sons. “In days to come, when your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a mighty hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed the firstborn of both people and animals in Egypt. This is why I sacrifice to the LORD the first male offspring of every womb and redeem each of my firstborn sons.’ (Ex 13:12-15)
But something even more dramatic takes place here. To understand what it is, let’s look back to 587 BC.
The Babylonians had invaded Jerusalem and the unthinkable had happened. The Holy City was destroyed and, along with it, the Temple of God. Inside the Temple something even more precious than the building had been housed: the Ark of the Covenant.
Recall what the Ark of Covenant was in the Old Testament. It was a box of Acacia wood, covered in gold. Inside it were placed: the two tablets on which God inscribed the Ten Commandments. Also in it was the staff of Aaron, and a vial of the Manna. More importantly, in this box, this ark, dwelt the very Presence of God in Israel. God mysteriously dwelt within, much as is the case today in our understanding of the tabernacle in our Catholic Churches.
The Lost Ark – Incredibly however, the Ark was lost when the Babylonians destroyed the temple and Jerusalem in 587 BC. It was never found again. Some thought Jeremiah had hid it in the Mountains, others that the priests had hastily hid it in the maze of caves beneath the Temple Mount. Others argue it was taken to Ethiopia. But in the end, the Ark had gone missing.
Empty Temple – When the Temple was rebuilt some eighty years later, the Holy of Holies was restored but the Ark was missing. The High Priest still performed the yearly ritual and entered the Holy of Holies, but the room was empty. Some argued for a spiritual presence in the Temple, but in fact the Ark and the certain presence of God were missing in the Temple after 587 BC. The Ark was never found and returned there. Something, someone, was missing. The very Holy of Holies was an empty room, the Ark, and the presence of God it carried were missing: the Ark, the mercy seat, gone. Would it ever be found? Would it ever be returned to the Temple? Would the Holy Presence of God ever find its way to the Temple again?
The ascent to Jerusalem is a steep one. The mountains surround Jerusalem and the City sits up at a higher altitude than the area around it. As the ancient Jews made the climb they sang the psalms of ascent: Psalms 120-134. As Joseph and Mary ascended they too sang the words that instilled joy: I Lift up mine eye to the mountains from whence cometh my help (121)…..I rejoiced when they said to me let us go up to the House of the Lord (122)…..To you O Lord I have lifted my eyes (123)….Like Mount Zion are those who trust in the Lord (125)….Out of the depths I call unto you O Lord! (130)…..Let us enter God’s dwelling, let us worship at the Lord’s footstool. Arise O Lord and enter your dwelling place, You and the Ark of your strength! (132)….Come and bless the Lord, You who stand in the House of the Lord Lift your hands to the Sanctuary and bless the Lord. The Lord bless you from Zion (134).
Singing these songs, Mary carried Jesus. The climb was even more difficult carrying a newborn babe. But the burden was sweet. A final ascent up the stairs to the Temple Mount. Likely they entered on the southern side through the Huldah gates. Going up the steep stairs, through the tunnel in the walls and emerging on to the bright Temple platform above.
God had returned to His Temple. He, and the Ark who carried him, were found. Mary the Ark, carrying Jesus in her arms. Jesus, very God, true God from True God. Yes, God and the Ark had been found and God was once again present among His people on the Temple Mount. Scripture says:
And the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his Temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? (Mal 3:1-2)
What a dramatic moment. And yet what a remarkable understatement by God! If I were to direct the moment I would have called for trumpet blasts, peals of thunder and multitudes of angels! And everyone would fall to their knees in recognition of the great fulfillment and the great return of God to his Temple.
Yet, it would seem only an elderly Man and woman took any note at all: Simeon and Anna. They alone understood they were in the presence of greatness and beheld the drama of the moment:
Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required, Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying: “Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace. For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of all people, a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel.” The child’s father and mother marveled at what was said about him. Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: “This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too.” There was also a prophetess, Anna…Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem. (Luke 2)
Yes, here was the dramatic moment awaited for centuries. The ark of God was found (Mary), and God (Jesus) returned to his temple. But only a few noticed. Just a few understood and celebrated.
And what of us? At every Mass Jesus, God himself is present. Yet how many notice? Do they really see him? Or do they see only the human priest and the human elements of the Mass. Do you see? Do you notice? Are you Simeon? Anna? Mary? Joseph? Or are you just among those on the Temple Mount who miss the dramatic moment of God with us?
19 Replies to “A Dramatic Biblical Moment that almost Every one Missed”
Me, ignore God? Never have I or will I. His grace never fails…
The Glory returns!
I’m interested in the timing and the interdigitation of the various elements of the Nativity and infancy narratives by the various Evangelists. Did the Purification occur after the flight to Egypt? If so, this adds an additional aspect to this great Feast . . . Mary and Joseph would have incurred a fair amount of danger in returning from Egypt to Herod’s capital city if he was still searching for the child “ad perdendum eum.”
What a beautiful article, Monsignor! Thank you.
Whenever, the Priest consecrates the Host, I place my hands on my face covering my eyes, so that I can worship GOD in spirit and in truth. When the Priest, says, “Take this all of you and eat of THIS…, Take this all of you and drink of THIS… I remove my hands from my face and beg and open my eyes that I may gaze on the Loveliness and Holiness of GOD in HIS Presence in the HOLY EUCHARIST. My eyes are yet to see what I long to see. Yet my mind knows what HE is Whom I should see. My wife and a very close friend had the privilege to see HIS Presence in The Monstrance during an exposition and told me of the Grandeur of what they had seen. My heart cries out that I may see too. Not yet I need my eyes and heart to be purified still. Someday, LORD, I will see but in the meantime it suffices that I believe. “Behold, I will be with you till the end of time.” The very temple is JESUS CHRIST, my LORD and my GOD. The Living Ark Of the Covenant is my MAMA MARY.
Dear Msgr., As usual, your homily is superb. We received nothing like that in the parish I attended. Thank you for your insights, history, explanations, etc. I miss your homilies in person. I used to go to St. Mary in D.C. on the last Sunday of the month ( I believe) to participate in the Latin Mass.
Brilliant insight Msgr. thanks
This is a whole new approach to the Presentation that I had not heard of before. Thank you for this.
What a wonderful, educational article. Thank you so much.
I thought you were going to comment on the story the past week where the Pope released two doves given him in St. Peter’s square and one was supposedly attacked by a hawk and the other by a crow. I don’t know if that was a factual occurence. It might have beeen in Rolling Stone.
Thank you for this wonderful article Monsignor. Never stop to talk and write about the Holy Mass. People have to discover the reality of the true presence of the Lord in the Eucharist. This is not a symbol, it’s for real. If more people would realise this they would tremble, cry and literally fall on their knees at the concecration as the priest repeats Christ’s words to his disciples (us) “do this in memory of me”.
God (Jesus) is present everywhere. Not only during Mass. I am a Catholic, and. I’ve been to countless confessionals. Almost 3 years ago i thought i was having a heart attack, i couldn’t catch a breath. I called out to God to help me breathe and i was born again. since that moment, imy heart has been filled with Peace and all i want to do is tell the truth and be obedient. i saw how Large God is. how H.is all powerful and He is always with us. even when we are ensnarled in webs of sin and lies. i believe God wants us to speak directly to Him. not a mediator, priest, Mother Mary or the Saints. that never worked for me. only speaking out loud directly to God brought Him down to me. God wanrs us to worship Him in Spirit and in truth. and to walk by Faith not by Sight. and to feed on every words of the mouth of God. Godis calling us to Unity.”I in you and you in me. so that we will be in complete unity. then the world will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.” John 17:23
You are wrong, that God does not want us to ask Mary, the Saints, or our friends to pray for us. We are a COMMUNION of saints, in God – we ARE the Body of Christ on earth, and He wants our unity, our brotherly love (including prayers for one another). As Monsignor has said, again and again, this does not PRECLUDE praying directly to God. If you don’t feel comfortable with this, please do not imagine that others are the same as you. We are all very, very different, within our unity.
YES, Jennifer, you get it!
I’m thinking you need to read Colossians next.
So, what of this purification – or blessing of women – which is mentioned here and in the previous post? Is it one or the other? Perhaps we are limiting our viewpoint in looking at a mystery. To even see (prior to even beginning to understand) a mystery one (person or group) needs a very broad viewpoint.
Inspired by a pamphlet on The Sacrament of Reconciliation which mentioned an oft asked question about, if we confess fully why do we need to do it again and again? Well, if we wash any part of our physical body, do we not need to do it again and again. I seek to avoid mis-using this to be presumptuous of God’s mercy by carelessly sinning with an attitude that I can just go to confession but, the need is there.
A worker in the fields who contributes to a season long process of growing food has dirty hands and must wash before eating with those hands which would otherwise introduce germs into the body through the digestive tract. For a worker in construction who builds shelter it is the same.
This is not like leaping into the wet product which has been removed from a barn. That leap would be more like willfully sinning and thinking that I can just go to confession.
After a woman’s special and wonderous 9 month task should she purify or seek blessed cleanliness, like other workers who wash their hands before touching the serving dish from which the entire group gains sustanence?
Thank you Monsignor! and beautiful music!! Did you compose it? Because You Tube ascribes it to you!
God Bless you
No I can’t imagine why Youtube ascribes it to me. Perhaps it is just my page where the video is stored. The setting is by Palestrina
Never lose hope! God is always faithful to His promises!!!
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