The Dramatic and Final Words of the Old Testament. A fitting close to the Advent Season

122313-Pope In this, the final full day of Advent, we read the closing words of the Old Testament, from the book of the prophet Malachi. These closing words, these final lines of the Old Testament, are nothing short of astonishing.

While they ring with a promise, they also warn of great peril to those who do not lay hold of the promise. The words come forth almost like iron pellets. And though there is the way through, but it is only by being refined as through fire and by becoming fire.

Consider the words:

Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and the day that is coming will set them on fire, says the Lord Almighty. Not a root or a branch will be left to them. But for you who revere my name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its rays. And you will go out and frolic like well-fed calves. Then you will trample on the wicked; they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I act, says the Lord Almighty. Remember the law of my servant Moses, the decrees and laws I gave him at Horeb for all Israel. See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the parents to their children, and the hearts of the children to their parents; or else I will come and strike the land with total destruction. (Mal 4:1-6)

Yes, and with these words the Old Testament ends, the curtain closes. Remarkably as the curtain reopens on the New Testament we see the Elijah figure, John the Baptist fulfilling exactly what is said here. More on that in a moment.

But here on the eve of the opening of the New Testament, with the conception, and now birth of Christ, it is worth looking at the final words of the Old Dispensation in order to understand why we need the New, why we need a savior who is Christ the Lord.

Lets look at this text in four stages:

I. Day of Destruction – Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and the day that is coming will set them on fire, says the Lord Almighty. Not a root or a branch will be left to them.

The concept of the Day of judgment as a day of fire and wrath must be carefully understood. It does not men that God is “mad” or angry in some human sense. God is not moody, he is not subject to having bad days. God is Love and he is unchanging.

The images of wrath and fire describe our human experience of God if we are not prepared to experience his full presence. God is a burning furnace of charity, He is the fire of love and holiness. Now some things, such as fine gold and silver are able to be purified by fire. But many other things cannot endure fire, such as wood, hay, straw and many other things. And thus God warns in this text that he is a Holy Fire and that we must be made ready to endure his glory. “Wrath” is the human experience of being unprepared to encounter the holy fire of God’ presence.

Consider that fire and water do not mix. One can hear the conflict between the two when water is spilled on a hot stove. Thus, sin and injustice cannot endure the holiness of God, and to the unrighteous God’s presence is experienced as wrath.

Consider too the image of light. In the evening hours we delight to have the bright lights of our room to see by. But when we switch off the lights for sleep, we grow accustomed to the darkness. And thus at six in the morning when the lights are switched back on we complain, and say the light is “harsh.” But the light has not changed, it has not gotten brighter than the night before, it is not “harsh.” Rather it is we who have changed, we who now prefer the dark.

And thus when we speak of the wrath of God, we ought to remember how we often call the morning light “harsh,” and we should realize that the “wrath” of God says more about us than about God. God has not changed, we have. He is the same God who walked with us in the Garden of Eden. But we, departing to our sins and preferring the darkness, now too easily experience him as angry, or harsh. He is not. The problem is in us.

And as for fire, there is no reason to fear the fire of God’s love, if that fire of love is already in us and at work in us bringing us up to the temperature of glory.

What this text then warns about is not so much God’s stance, but, rather, our stance: our preference for the darkness, and the coldness of our hearts which prefer selfishness and sin to love and holiness. When “the Day” comes, those who prefer darkness and cold experience the day as a destructive and burning fire, and the warmth of God’s love as “wrathful” and destructive fire.

Now when shall that “Day” come? For us it may may come in one of two ways: either Christ will come to us in glory to judge the living and dead, or we shall go to him. Either way, the “Day” will come. And for the wicked, as we see here, the Day will be one of wrath, of a burning oven-like heat.

Historically the “Day” referred to in this text is the coming of the Messiah, Jesus. Now, one may wonder, since Jesus has come,  where is the oven that burns up the wicked? Clearly that aspect of this prophecy has been delayed to our judgment day.

But make no mistake, Jesus has already called the question. Either we will believe in him and be saved, or refuse belief and and be lost, and be subject to the wrath that is to come (cf  Mk 16:16; John 8:24; 1 Thess 1:10).

Jesus says, I came to cast fire on the earth, and would that it were already kindled! (Lk 12:49). So there is a fire that is coming on this world and all who dwell on it. God will judge the world by fire (cf 2 Peter 3:7). It is a fire that we must be prepared for or we will experience its wrath.

II. Distinction that Delivers – But for you who fear my name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its rays. And you will go out and frolic like well-fed calves. Then you will trample on the wicked; they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I act, says the Lord Almighty.

But note that for those who have been rendered ready, and have, by God’s grace come to love the light and heat of God’s love, the “Day” will not seem to be a blazing oven at all! Rather it will a beautiful sunlit day wherein the fire of God’s love is like rays of sunshine that bring healing and warmth.

This is what God wants to accomplish for us, that we be ready to come into his presence. He will not change, and cannot change. Thus he must change us into his glory. He must set us on fire. No surprise therefore that the Pentecost event featured tongues of fire that came to rest on the faithful. It set them on fire and began a process to bring them up to the temperature of glory!

Thus, again, note that the problem is not in God, it is in us. So also the solution is in us, being changed into glory. And God will do this for his faithful and for those who fear his name. That is, for those who hold him in awe and respect that he is God, ever to be adored and obeyed.

Paradoxically the way to avoid the fire of wrath is accept the need in our life for a purifying fire. To avoid getting burned in the fire of wrath, we must pass through a fire that purifies, rather than burns. Scripture says,

  1. But who can endure the day of His coming? And who can stand when He appears? For He is like a refiner’s fire and like fullers’ soap. He will …purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, (Mal 3:2-3). And again,
  2. Our work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work. If what has been built survives, the builder will receive a reward. If it is burned up, the builder will suffer loss but yet will be saved—even though only as one escaping through the flames. (1 Cor 3:13-15)

And thus prior to meeting God we must all be purified as by fire so as to be able to endure the pure fire of God’s love.

To avoid the fire of wrath, let the Lord set you on fire and purify you by fire!

III. Directives to avoid Doom – Remember the law of my servant Moses, the decrees and laws I gave him at Horeb for all Israel.

At the end of the day, our love for God and our faith in him must be manifest in an obedience to his law. Now the law of God is not some arbitrary set of rules. It is an expression of the Love and will of God to save us. God instructs us for our salvation.

If you give me directions on how to get to your home, you are not just setting up arbitrary rules for me. You are giving me sound information for my good and for the ultimate “salvation” of finding my way to your home. It is even more so with God who can neither be deceived nor deceive. If we will follow him and the path he sets out, then by this grace we will be saved from the coming wrath, and from eternal loss. Follow the directions to avoiding getting burned, and trust that his grace will equip, empower and enable you to do so and thus find the way home to the Kingdom.

IV. Deliverer from total Destruction – See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers; or else I will come and strike the land with total destruction.

And thus we come to the closing verses of the Old Testament. Having warned us of a coming fiery judgment, the Lord also promises us help. For it is not his will that any of us should be lost. And though sadly knowing of our collective stubbornness, and that many will sadly prefer the darkness to light, he nevertheless promises the help of his grace, and the presence of Elijah.

And who is this Elijah? Does the Lord mean that Elijah will return from heaven in the fiery chariot? Probably not, but rather, that the office of Elijah will revive and be continued.

Historically, Jesus identifies John the Baptist as the Elijah figure who was prophesied here:

To be sure, Elijah comes and will restore all things. But I tell you, Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but have done to him everything they wished. In the same way the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands.” Then the disciples understood that Jesus was talking to them about John the Baptist. (Matt 17:11-13)

And thus, the Old Testament ended with the promise of Elijah’s return. And as the curtains close on the Old and reopen again in the New Testament we are brought almost immediately to the Jordan River, where John the Baptist is preparing the people, “Elijah” has returned. And thanks be to God, since many of Jesus’ earliest disciples, and many of his apostles had first been disciples of John the Baptist. John did his work well!

But to some degree, the office of Elijah, must continue on. In a certain sense, the Church is Elijah and is John the Baptist. So are particular members of the Church such as our pastors, our parents, religious, catechists and teachers. All of them point to Christ, and it help lead us to Christ saying, “There he is! Follow him!”

There is also in this last line of the Old Testament a poignant and beautiful description of the work of Elijah, that he would “turn the hearts of fathers to their children, and children to their fathers.” For indeed, to be reconciled to one another is a beautiful and an essential way to be prepared one day to meet God.

Scripture asks, How we can say we love God whom we don’t see,  when we do not love our neighbor whom we do see (cf 1 Jn 4:20)? Jesus, in the great judgment scene of Matthew 25 also links our love for the needy and the poor to our love for him (Matt 25:31ff).

It is so easy for us to turn holiness and love into an abstraction. And yet, at the end of the day, a huge part of holiness is simply to be reconciled to one another and to have a vigorous love for one another rooted in the truth of the Gospel. An essential way to get ready for the day of fiery judgement is to be reconciled to God and one another.

Yes, it is fitting, that on the last full day of Advent we read the final lines of the Old Testament. And as the curtains of the old dispensation slide to a close, a promise of grace and mercy are extended. Messiah will come. But before the day of fiery judgment he will extend grace and mercy through Elijah.

Tomorrow evening we will see the Christ child lying in a manger.  God makes himself small for us; he comes to us meek and lowly, also extending his grace and mercy. One day he will come in fiery judgment on this world, but until that time,  grace and mercy.

Tomorrow evening, the cry of an infant will sound, saying “Come unto me. Accept me now before it is time to finally close the curtains on this, the final age.”

Before He comes again in glory to judge living in the dead, he comes to us once again humility, meekness and lowliness. He calls to you now this, Christmas feast, in the tender voice of an infant. Yes, he is calling.

23 Replies to “The Dramatic and Final Words of the Old Testament. A fitting close to the Advent Season”

  1. Msgr.

    Beautiful instruction as usual, and timely for me. My “prayer life” of late, Advent is likely impacting this, keeps coming back to the theme of light and darkness in my life. I am very thankful for this blog, These posts over the last year, especially the Nov. and Dec, posts have brought new understanding of Holy Scripture as part of my relationship with Jesus.

    Do you ever offer retreats?

    Have a blessed Christmastide.

  2. O Father my treasured Christmas gift Thank you Just what I needed to confirm on my trying to please Him.Yes its not easy at all.but I trust Him .He is the only to keep praying never give up as He is the only WAY.Merry Christmas and many blessings to you Father.

  3. Really your scripture reflections are excellent, deep, well thought out. I can tell you really are a man of prayer; your sincerity and love for our Faith shines out in your words. May the good Lord bless you and keep you this Christmas.

  4. My Catholic Bible has two more books in the Old Testament after Malachia … 1 Machabees and 2 Machabees.

    1. Yes, some older Catholic Bibles put them back there since they were “deutero-canonical.” However, Modern Critical editions, Jerusalem, RSVCE, RNAB and others have rightly restored these to the Historical books (Nebiim)

  5. Amen. Yes, those words and the way that the New Testament picks up right where the Old Testament leaves off is astonishing, and I never noticed it before until I read about today, in this piece. Thanks.

  6. St. Vincent De Paul made the following comment in regard to his missions to the country people in the French villages: “I had only one sermon myself, and I used to twist and turn it in a thousand ways; it was on the fear of God.”

    Blessed Christmas, Monsignor Pope.

  7. Once again thank you for your exegesis. I have now taken to pasting these into Onenote to have in book form as well as keeping the link.
    A question if I may:
    How should we interpret Malachi 2:3 and which is the best translation?.
    Many thanks and a blessed Christmas.

  8. Merry X-mas Monsignor and all. I’m not criticizing your interpretation. My take is that you are going with a more spiritual level of interpretation with Elijah which is fine. And I understand Jesus labeling John as an Elias.

    But I am pretty sure the real Elijah will return to Earth from Paradise, just before the Second Coming. And I’m pretty sure he will return with Enoch. And I’m really looking forward to seeing this if not in my lifetime hopefully from Heaven. The world will be stunned at their presence; a little prelude to the Return of Jesus. I’m guessing the world will especially be stunned by Enoch’s appearance, because he is an ancient seven from Adam. I see a profound purpose in all of this. Almost the entire world will think that Adam and Eve are a myth, but Enoch will announce where he came from and back up what he says by miracles.

    From the Book of Sirach 44:15

    Enoch pleased God, and he was transferred to Paradise, so that he might offer repentance to the nations.

    From Sirach 48:9-12

    He [Elias] was received into a whirlwind of fire, into a swift chariot with fiery horses. He is written in the judgments of the times, so as to lessen the wrath of the Lord, to reconcile the heart of the father to the son, and to restore the tribes of Jacob. Blessed are those who saw you, and who were adorned with your friendship. For we live only in our life, and after death, our name will not be the same.

    From Saint Irenaeus

    The disciples of the Apostles say that they (Enoch and Elijah) whose living bodies were taken up from the earth, have been placed in an earthly paradise, where they will remain until the end of the world. (Adversus Haereses, Liber 4, Cap. 30)

    Its going to be pretty awesome!!!

    1. Yes, I would not exclude this interpretation at all. I think Elijah can be seen on different levels and the full mission of Elijah and the context of Malachi 4 seems to fit well the Second Coming. And this is common that Scripture can apply in different ways at different levels. Hence Jesus is not “incorrect” in saying John was Elijah, but as the interpretation you quote shows, there are other layers of meaning and fulfillment as well.

  9. in fact if no other lines survived the Flood apart from Noah the entire human family living today would be descended from Enoch.

    And one looks at Elias’ mission just before Jesus Returns it seems to have to do with reconciling families:

    And he hath turned back the heart of fathers to sons, And the heart of sons to their fathers

    Not only will they not understand that we are one family descended from Adam and Eve and in a singular relation to God via Jesus, but their concept of the family will probably be even more mutilated than it is today. Enoch and Elias will have their work cut out for them.


  10. “in fact if no other lines survived the Flood apart from Noah the entire human family living today would be descended from Enoch.”

    I probably went to far with that statement, maybe some other lines from Adam and Eve, survived, not just Seth’s.

  11. The mention of water on a hot stove reminds me of how, some inflexiable things can be heated gradually to temperature where their crysaline rigidity is still intact and not break. However, if these things (cast iron – glass, maybe not glass, no crystals or is crystaline a poor metaphor?) are suddenly heated to that same high temperature, they shatter.
    Not slighting last minute conversion that is expressed in conjunction with a contrite heart but; what about a frantic scrambling to appear converted after it’s too late to shed the worldly cynicism that blinds one to faith and love?

    1. Yes, well said. That is why, according to St. Augustine, there is only one example of “death bed” conversion in the bible–the good thief.

  12. Aloha & Dear Msgr. Pope, wishing a Merry & Blessed Christmas to you, your readers and all near & dear to you and much success and blessing to you all in the coming year. May the LORD continue to bless His work in your hands.
    There came a time when I came to the same realization, turn into chaff and you will be burnt up.
    Listening to the Elijah figure announcing the LORD, ‘…; he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing-fan is in his hand; he will clear his threshing-floor and gather his wheat into the barn; but the chaff he will burn in a fire that will never go out.’ Mt. 3:11-12.
    cf also the feeling that come with the sins of the flesh: trash, cheap, worthlessness, etc. all of which the LORD has every cure and … as if nothing ever happened… . Ah, that burning and Almighty Love of the Father and the Son, who is the Holy Spirit.

    1. And the warning from the LORD himself (even his disciples/Apostles are not exempt), ‘Anyone who does not remain in me is like a branch that has been thrown away – he withers; these branches are collected and thrown in the fire, and they are burnt.’ Jn 15:6

      As for the impure gold – saints who are sinners yet battling self and sin for the LORD’s sake or the Holy souls in purgatory – the fire just serves to purify it (= pruning of every branch that does bear fruit cf Jn 15:2).

      Very deep reflection Msgr. Pope!

  13. Who can withstand the Justice and Wrath of GOD. Nay, not a soul of this present age unless we touch the hem of HIS garment who consoles and heals the very depths of our inmost being. LORD, we are afraid of YOUR Justice but we cling to YOUR Mercy in the Person of JESUS CHRIST Our LORD. Mea maxima culpa. Miserere.

  14. Merry Christmas Msgr Pope. God bless you and your healing ministry. I pray the Holy Spirit expand your gifts and ministry, for you truly are a healer of men.

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