As we await word of a new Pope, there are some in the media and among our Protestant Brethren who are dismissive of the need for a Pope at all, or who indicate that the hierarchical structure of the Church ought to be replaced with more “modern” forms of governance.
Never mind that Christ chose NOT to be born in these “enlightened” times of ours and was rather intentional in summoning certain men who he named apostles. Never mind too that Peter was singled out by the Lord for a special role with “keys” of authority and the role to strengthen and unite his brethren whom the devil would sift as wheat (cf Lk 22:32).
So, many use this election of a Pope to issue their plan for the reorganization of the Church, even though the Lord has set forth a plan that has brought us through some pretty awful turmoil.
I’d like to take some reflections on the need for authority from Fr. Thomas Dubay’s S.M. (R.I.P.) Authenticity – A Biblical Theology of Discernment. Fr. Dubay pondered what happens if we, in some utopian way, think we can live apart from authority.
Fr. Dubay has been one of my chief teachers in spirituality. He passed away in 2010 – headed home to meet the Lord, whom he loved and preached. He was a devout and sober man, a fine theologian, deeply immersed in Scripture and Tradition, a terrific spiritual master, and always a keen observer of what ails us.
As is often the case, I will present his text in bold, black italics, and my poor comments in plain red text. I would like to give you page numbers in the book, but, sadly, the Kindle edition from which I have read does not have a coherent way of referring to pages (as far as I can tell). I can only say that the passage is in the last third of the book in a section entitled “Verification.”
Christ and St. Paul and the whole New Testament community were hardheadedly human. They knew better than we (because they were more holy than many of us) of human weaknesses and failings, but they could not imagine [as some do today] an “invisible Church of Christ.” In more than a theoretical way, the disciples knew they were not angels, and they could not have dreamed of the ekklesia of the bodily risen Kyrios lacking effective institutional elements.
Yes, the word I like to use is that they were “sober” about human sinfulness, and our tendency to be divisive and fractional, often about the most petty of things. And even in more profound matters, our sinfulness often causes us to have distorted thinking, our senseless minds can become very dark and jaded.
In the midst of all the scandalous division after the Eastern Schism, and the Protestant movements, some have tried to imagine that there is somehow an “invisible church” where “nasty little things” like structures, and authority are not necessary. In this dreamy, “kumbaya” thinking where all hold hands and sway as they sing “we are one in the Spirit,” there may be a legitimate dream.
But imagining we are one is not the same as actually being one. True unity will manifest in concrete, not just theoretical ways, for a central tenet of the faith is that of the incarnation. And the Church remains, incarnationally, the Body of Christ. I may like to imagine that a severed hand is still part of my body. But while I dream, the hand begins to decay, and my body bleeds out. In the end reality has a way of setting in.
The Biblical fact is, that where Peter is, there is the Church (ubi Petrus, ibi Ecclesia). He is Christ’s vicar on earth, and the one who holds the keys. Christ noted that the devil would seek to divide, to “sift” the apostles like wheat. But Jesus solution was clear: But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, you will strengthen your brothers (Luke 22:32). Bishop Sheen once said of this passage that we share in Christ’s prayer for unity in the Church, only through Peter.
There is no “invisible church.” Only the visible and structured one founded by Christ and rooted in his prayer for Peter.
Graphically St. Paul reminds the overseer-bishops of Ephesus that it was the Holy Spirit himself who established them in office, and it is through these human instruments that the Spirit will deal with “fierce wolves” who invade the flock (Acts 20:28-31). The apostle goes so far as to say that anyone who objects to his teaching is not objecting to a human authority but to God himself, who gives us his Holy Spirit (1 Th 4:8). The Thessalonians are to foster the “greatest respect and affection” for their leaders (1 Th 5:12-13). All sorts of gifts from the spirit are given to the authorities in the Church: apostleship, prophecy, teaching, leading (Eph 4:11-13).
Yes, in our anti-authority modern age, we must recall that authority in the Church is established by God, and upheld by him. It is the Lord’s way of protecting the Church from the fierce wolves of error and division. God teaches authoritatively through his Church, and her appointed and anointed leaders. We have to trust God in this.
Authority is not perfect. God uses imperfect human instruments to accomplish his tasks.
In my personal journey I have come to discover that, while I have often wished that those in authority were more prompt and prophetic at times, I have also come to discover that there is a place to be more reflective. When I was first ordained, I was zealous for orthodoxy, but I was also rigid in unnecessary ways, and often impatient. “If only the Church would adopt my plan of action, all would be well.” Or so I thought. But, interestingly enough the Lord did not choose to promote me to bishop in those early zealous years, (or even now), and I must humbly recognize that there are often other ways of approaching issues. The general demeanor of the Church is to be thoughtful, reflective, and yes, slower than many moderns prefer.
But somewhere in the midst of this rather consistent approach, we need to see that our leaders have been anointed by God. We can surely seek to influence them and be part of the discussion. Most reform movements well up from the people of God. But we do not, and ought not, get ahead of our leaders, or refuse submission to them merely because we have a bright new idea. There may well be a reason to go slower and be more broad based that some who are zealous would prefer.
This bodily-structural element in the ekklesia comes out in many ways in the New Testament: Jesus sends men into the world, and they speak with his own authority so that those who listen to these representatives listen to him (Mt 28:16-20; Lk 10:16) . . . the leaders in the Church test the authenticity of her members (Rev 2:2; pastorals, passim) . . . all are to obey their spiritual leaders (1 Pet 5:5; Heb 13:17) . . . they who disobey are inauthentic, not from God (1 Cor 14:37-38; 1 Jn 4:6) . . . even a supposed messenger from heaven may not contradict what the human leaders have taught (Gal 1:6-9) . . . the presiding officer in the local church has all sorts of duties in the areas of teaching and governing (1 and 2 Tim and Titus) . . . the Holy Spirit is with them in the performance of these duties (2 Tim 1:6, 14). i.e. authority is biblical and from God.
Although we do not find the same degree of organization in the first-century ekklesia that we find in that of the twentieth century (it would be amazing if we did), we do find a plurality of functions that are clearly governmental. The leaders teach and proclaim the word (1 Tim 3:2; 4:13, 16; 5:7, 17; 6:2; 2 Tim 1:8; 2:2, 14, 24; 4:1-5; Titus 1:9; 2:1-10, 15; 3:1-8; Acts 20:28). They pray for the sick and heal them (James 5:14-15). They correct aberrations and errors and faults (1 Tim 5:20; 6:17; 2 Tim 2:25; 4:1-5; Titus 1:9-14; 2:15). They govern the ecclesial community, the Church of God (1 Tim 3:5; 2 Tim 1:14; Acts 20:28; 1 Pet 5:1-4). These superiors are said to be God’s representatives, and their authority is not to be questioned (Titus 1:7; 2:15). The faithful are told in plain language to obey these leaders and do as they say (Heb 13:17; 1 Pet 5:5)….
To teach govern and sanctify are the essential roles of Church authority and the faithful are expected to be submitted to their leaders.
This is a critical reminder in an age like ours that often celebrates rebellion as well as angry invective and derision directed at leaders, both secular and religious. While our world may celebrate this and many who act rebelliously get “credit” for being bold and “free,” there is little or no biblical basis for this behavior, especially insofar as the Church is concerned.
While a Catholic may make some discernment as to the level of authority involved in a given pronouncement, legalistic minimalism should also be avoided and Catholics should remain teachable even in non-infallible teaching of the popes, bishops and magisterium (cf CCC # 892).
It is not accidental that people who now commonly speak of our generation as “men come of age” are often those who belittle the need for societal government. ….The error in this position lies in its partiality. It fails to provide for the many other needs among perfectly adult men and women that cannot be met [apart from]… the essential role of authority. No matter how mature a society has become, its members cannot provide for protection, for international trade, for airports and highways (and a host of other things) by mere friendly agreements. To desire to substitute consensus as a universal replacement for authority is merely utopian.
Yes, utopian is the word.
It is the dreamy arrogance of our modern age that has caused us the most grief. The more we speak of ourselves as “men come of age,” the less mature we seem to become. In our culture, maturity is further and further delayed, and there are many in our culture who never grow up. Dependent and demanding, many sound more like petulant children, than grown adults. Further, the dismissal of the wisdom of previous generations, and the refusal to be accepting of authority, bespeaks more of a teenage rebellious stage than sober adult refelction. I have written more on that here: Stuck on Teenage
When the members of a group are all open to the Holy Spirit, a discernment process can produce consensus, but who will maintain that, in our sinful condition, we can hope, in larger societies, to be free from selfishness and ignorances of all sorts. And even aside from our sinfulness, we need to note that all judgments made for an action are surrounded with contingencies that make it impossible to demonstrate the necessity of any [one] given prudential judgment. One of the functions of authority, therefore, is to choose among many defensible courses of action one that all must follow….
Yes, so well said. Even in the best, the most mature and spiritual of communities, some one still has to call the shots. For not all, or even most, decisions are between good and bad things, but often between numerous good options in the face of limited resources.
If a group of people rejects an official teaching authority in the Church, it does not follow that there is no teaching authority. There surely is, and often it is more apodictic [demanding of submission] and harsh in its condemnations than most popes have ever been. The allegiance given to quotations from “in” theologians can be remarkable….
Pope Benedict has often remarked on the tyranny of relativism wherein those who cloak themselves in tolerance and open-mindedness are often the least tolerant when it comes to a host of issues they regard as politically correct. Many of the College campuses who have prided themselves on their liberal openness often have the most severe “speech codes” and the most strident applications of political correctness. Don’t try and uphold a lot of traditional Catholic and Biblical moral teaching there. If you do, prepare in most instances to shouted down, shown the door, and called hateful, bigoted, close-minded and number of other personal attacks.
Further, unquestioned loyalty to certain theories, scientific, political and philosophical, and the kind of venom, if you even have just a few questions, is remarkable. Talk about “religious” zeal.
Oh yes, we will confer authority on someone, it just depends on who. I had rather accept as authoritative a Church I believe founded by God and upheld by him. An old hymn says, I dare not trust the sweetest frame, but wholly lean on Jesus’ name. Jesus founded, establishes and upholds the Church, so I’ll go there and be submitted to authorities I believe, by faith, he upholds and inspires.
The binding force of an ecclesiastical Magisterium is commonly viewed [today] as an infringement on a healthy freedom in the academic realm. It is no more an infringement on freedom than the experimental data of the positive sciences are an impediment to scientific progress and freedom. The divinely guaranteed Magisterium liberates the theologian from the morass of his own subjectivity, just as the hard-nosed data of scientific research liberate the theoretician in pure physics from the illusions of a thought, lacking contact with the real world…..
One of the keys to understanding freedom is that it is only enjoyed within limits. I am free to communicate with you now only if I accept certain grammatical parameters.
Absolute freedom does not exist for limited and contingent beings such as ourselves. Hence, Christian theology must accept that there are necessary limits and guard rails which guarantee the greatest freedoms. Outside the guard rails of Scripture, Tradition and the Magisterium, lie only thickets, precipices, dead ends and a howling wilderness of subjectivism and the directionless wandering of an “off road” experience.
I have written more on the paradox of true freedom HERE
It is alleged that Roman congregations have made mistakes and that these impede progress. Some (not all) of these allegations are true. But in sheer number they are few indeed in comparison to the thousands of mistakes that theologians have made….History abounds in examples of the bizarre aberrations possible even in well-intentioned enthusiasms.
Yes. Thank you Fr. Dubay. Rest in peace.
Here is video that illustrates the modern tendency to celebrate rebellion. While it’s funny, it must also be said that this ads ridicules limits and people who believe in them. The man who says “stay within the lines” is presented for us as an object of ridicule and the notion of limits as “childish” hides the teenage immaturity of those who celebrate rebellion and reject limits. The ad does not follow the woman “off road” as she surely hits ruts, messes up her alignment and may even flip the vehicle. Paved roads with guard rails are usually better, faster and safer.
18 Replies to “We Need the Pope, do not doubt it, as some do.”
So what happens when authority is plain wrong? You seem to say, Msgr, that anyone who opposes authority is a spoilt, immature teenager. You don’t mention the times when christians are duty bound to challenge authority I’m talking about secular authority here, not Church authority, which I agree is god-given and cannot err.
You seem to mistake my general observation with a universal one. What is generally true is not true in each and every case.. It should not be necessary for to have to spell all this out, nevertheless, your comment seems to presume that I am saying that EVERY opposition to authority is teenage.. I am not and I would not even stop as short as you do and exclude the fact that even The authority of a Churchman may need to be to subject to accountability, other things being equal.
Thank you, Msgr. I’m glad you agree that not every opposition to authority is a teenage-type response.
Unjust secular authority is no authority at all. When human positive law conflicts with the Divine or Natural laws, the higher authority, God, trumps the lower authority, man. However, as all human authority comes from God(cf. Romans 13:1), rebellion is not to entered into lightly.
Some good distinctions here
Thank you, Nathan. That’s pretty much what I wanted to say in my less elegant way.
Two things. First, it’s one of those great paradoxes that maturity is often best shown in submission to authority. But the modern world doesn’t like or understand paradox, so they fall right into this trap. Second, this reminds me of a quote from Gen. Robert E. Lee: “Obedience to lawful authority is the foundation of manly character.”
But again, what happens when “lawful authority” is wrong? I’m very wary of these sweeping statements, even when they are made by great men.
Apologies, Matthew, my typing fingers were too fast in reply to you. Yes, when authority is lawful, that is fine! My point is that it is so often not – witness Obama and HHS. By the way, I wonder if Bobby Lee felt he was exercising lawful authority when he invited Pickett to lead his brigade to pointless destruction up Cemetary Hill? Regards
I hope our Cardinals, especially during this Conclave, see the viability of a strong Pope vs., say, the concept of a self serving cardinal collegiality.
From various sources, particularly from Pope Benedict himself, it seems that some Cardinals and Bishops have run contrary to Papal authority. Other sources confirming this include Vatileaks etc. Clearly, there must have been hard times for our most recent Pope.
All this is why we need a strong and spiritual man to lead us to eternal salvation through the Church established by Jesus for this purpose.
Now you got me going! The new Pope should bring back true Catholic faith and concentrate on saving souls. A good start would be to stop using the term “rituals” to describe “devotions” of practicing Catholics (rituals are done over cauldrons, devotions are done before the Blessed Sacrament). Bring back these traditional devotions into common use and reintroduce true Catholic education and spiritualism. Concentrate on saving souls vs. seeking synergy with false beliefs. Restore all in Christ the King.
We need a Pope. . . a strong and spiritual man of faith. I am praying hard for this.
While we’re at it, bring back the Papal Tiara!!! (At least on the coat of arms, if not on the Pope’s head):
time and again and again the Lord Jesus warned the apostles about the hypocrisy and antics of the pharisees. Yet we catholics (and christians) seem to think that these warnings have nothing to do with us. we seem not to fear the leaven of the pharisees.
but who would want to ban the tridetine mass?
who would want to suppress the leonine prayers?
who would want to supress the prayer to St Michael.
who would want the legacy of Leo XIII to be forgotten?
We need a pope who would serve the Lord Jesus with the fear of God.
We dont need a pope with a hidden agenda.
Lord Jesus, help us.
Chris, what in the world are you talking about???
As someone who has had bizarre theological aberrations appear in his head, I happily submit myself to the teaching authority of the Pope.
Well, we now have Pope Francis I
A Jesuit from Argentina.
Cardinal Jorge Bagolio
Now that we have a new Pope, I am delighted with the “new” hope that he brings. Clearly, the Cardinals picked him for what he can bring to the Church at this time. He seems to be a holy and sincere man.
I also know that some of the more traditional Catholics have some fears about him. I too am concerned that he may lead us to “left” field somewhere, especially as it pertains to the TLM etc. With that being said, he may turn out to be one of the best popes with a tremendous positive influence on the faithful. After all, the people in the pews always have the ability to exit through the back doors of the Church as they have so obviously done over the years. I truthfully feel this Pope, and the Cardinals, know they have to deliver more faith and devotion to survive. Liberal/Modernist experimentation of the magnitude of the past, including the related sexual immorality, is simply too costly in terms of the survival of the Church going forward. I hope they get it. I think they do.
As for the Pope, well, I am so excited for Church. God bless him and protect him. Viva li Papa!
Msgr Pope. If you’re seeing the strange 4123 of 12443 on your Kindle where the page numbers should be, just touch those numbers and it should change over to the page numbers (115 of 355, for example).
I think those larger numbers refer to word count. I have no idea why it defaults to that instead of page numbers.
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