In this Sunday’s Gospel the Lord Jesus issues another urgent summons to the Kingdom. Using a theme similar to last Sunday’s Gospel the Lord teaches that our response to the invitation to come into the Kingdom is both urgent and determinative of our final destiny. As with last Sunday, there is the warning of hellish destruction in the refusal of the Kingdom. But this view must be balanced with the vision of a seeking Lord who wants to fill his banquet and will not stop urging until the end. You might say the theme of this Gospel is “Party or Perish!
Lets look at the gospel in five stages.
I. REPAST. The text says, The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son. He dispatched his servants to summon the invited guests to the feast. Of course the King is God the Father, and the wedding feast is the wedding feast of His Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. At one level the wedding feast is the invitation to faith in general. But more Biblically, the wedding feast is the wedding feast of the Lamb, described in the Book of Revelation (19:7-9). Hence it is also the Liturgy of Heaven, we share in through the Mass.
What a wonderful image of the Kingdom, a wedding feast. Most Jewish people of that time looked forward to weddings all year long. Weddings were usually timed (in an agricultural setting) between planting and harvest when things were slower. Weddings often lasted for days, and were among the most enjoyable things a Jewish person could imagine. There was feasting, family, and great joy in what God was doing. And consider the unimaginable joy and honor of being invited to a wedding hosted by a King!
Yes, these were powerful images for the ancient Jews of the Kingdom. A wedding! And the wedding for a King’s son at that! The joy, the celebration, the feasting, the magnificence, the splendor, the beautiful bride, the handsome groom, the love, the unity; yes, the Kingdom of Heaven may be likened to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son.
Who would not want to come!? And we today may well ask, if this is heaven, who does not want to go?! And yet, as we shall see, the invitation is rejected by many!
II. REJECTION! The text says, but they refused to come. A second time he sent other servants, saying, “Tell those invited: “Behold, I have prepared my banquet, my calves and fattened cattle are killed, and everything is ready; come to the feast.”‘ Some ignored the invitation and went away, one to his farm, another to his business. The rest laid hold of his servants, mistreated them, and killed them.
Why !? Here is a real twist to the story, an unexpected development. Why the rejection of the King’s offer? And in our time, why the rejection of what God offers? Are these people crazy? In effect, Jesus explains their rejection in a two-fold way: worldliness and wickedness.
One group of those rejecting the invitation to the Kingdom of heaven do so for worldly reasons. Jesus describes them as going “one to his farm, another to his business.” In other words, the things of the world, though not evil in themselves, have them preoccupied. They are too busy to accept the invitation, their priorities and passions are elsewhere.
They think, “Weddings are nice, but money is nicer. Yes, you see, God and religion have their place, but they don’t pay the bills.” The goal of the worldly, is this world, and what it offers, not God, or the things waiting for them in heaven. Things like prayer, and holiness, Scripture and sacraments, don’t provide obvious material blessings to the worldly minded. Hence, such things are low on the priority list. St Paul speaks of people whose god is their belly and who have their mind set on worldly things (cf Phil 3:19).
So off they go, one to his farm, another to his business; one to watch football, another to detail his car; one to sleep in, another to golf; one to make money, another to the mall to spend it lavishly.
A second group of those rejecting the kingdom do so out of some degree of wickedness. Jesus speaks of how they abuse those who invite them, and that some of the servants, (prophets, apostles, evangelizers), are even killed. Why this anger?
For many, the kingdom of God is rejected because it is not convenient to their moral life. Many of them rightly understand that, to enter the wedding feast of the Kingdom, will require them to be “properly dressed,” and this will be seen below. But of course “proper dress” here refers, not to clothes but, to holiness and righteousness, to living the moral vision of the Kingdom.
Hence the invitation wedding feast of the Kingdom causes anger, for it casts a judgment on some of their behaviors and tweaks their conscience. A great deal of the hostility directed to the God, Scripture, Jesus, the Church and her servants who speak God’s truth, is explained by the fact that, deep down, the hostile know what is proclaimed, is true.
Or, if their minds have become very darkened or their hearts hardened by sin, they simply hate being told what to do, or any suggestion that what they are doing is wrong. Being told to live chastely, or to forgive, or to be more generous to the poor, or to welcome new life (even when there are deformities), or that there are priorities higher than money, sex, career, and worldly access; all of this is obnoxious to some, who have become hardened in sinful choices or sinful patterns of one sort or another. Hence the world often treats God and those who speak of Him with contempt. Some are even martyred in certain places and times.
Of course for many who reject the Kingdom, there are multiple reasons. But Jesus focuses on these two broad categories, under which a lot of those reasons fall.
III. RUIN. The text says, The king was enraged and sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city. As with last week’s gospel we have here a stunning and shocking detail to the story which is, to some extent mysterious to us. How can such a violent punishment be squared with a vision of God who loves us?
It is not an easy thing to answer. But to respond by pretending it is not taught, or that this will never happen, is to reject the loving urgency with which Jesus speaks. He is not simply using scare tactics or hyperbole, he is teaching us what it true for our salvation.
Historically this destruction happened to ancient Israel in 70AD, forty years after Jesus’ resurrection. After having extended the invitation for a long forty years, the “No” of the invited guests (in this case, the Ancient Jews, corporately speaking) became definitive and led to their national ruin and the end of the temple.
It is the same for us. The Lord invites us all to accept his kingdom as long as we live. And if we are slow to respond, he repeats his offer again and a again. But in the end, if we don’t want to have the Kingdom of God, we don’t have to have it. And, at death, our choice is fixed. And if it is “No,” our ruin is sure, for outside the kingdom, now rejected, there is nothing but ruins. You and I will either accept the invitation to live in the Kingdom of God and by its values, or we will reject it and make “other arrangements.” And those other arrangements are ruinous.
But be sure of this, God wants to save everyone (cf Ez 18:23, 32, 33:1; 1 Tim 2:4 among others). If Hell exists, it is only because of God’s reverence for our freedom to chose. And mind you there are not a few who reject the Kingdom for they live showing that they do not want a thing to do with many of the values of the Kingdom of heaven such as chastity, forgiveness, love of enemies, generosity to the poor, detachment from the world and so forth. And God will not force them to accept these things or be surrounded by those who live them perfectly in heaven. They are free to make other arrangements and to build their eternal home elsewhere. And compared to heaven, everything else is a smouldering ruin.
IV. RESOLVE. The text says, Then he said to his servants, ‘The feast is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy to come. Go out, therefore, into the main roads and invite to the feast whomever you find.’ When some reject the invitation, God merely widens the invitation. He wants his Son’s wedding feast full. Hence, God is resolved to keep inviting and widening the invitation. Here is an extravagant God who does not give up. And when rejected, he just keeps calling.
V. REQUIREMENT. The text says, The servants went out into the streets and gathered all they found, bad and good alike, and the hall was filled with guests. But when the king came in to meet the guests, he saw a man there not dressed in a wedding garment. The king said to him, ‘My friend, how is it that you came in here without a wedding garment?’ But he was reduced to silence. Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Bind his hands and feet, and cast him into the darkness outside, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth.’ Many are invited, but few are chosen.“
And here then is a warning even for those of us who do accept the invitation and enter the kingdom: We must wear the proper wedding garment.
As we have already remarked, the garment here is not about cloth, but about righteousness. And this righteousness in which we are to be clothed can come only from God. God supplies the garment. The book of Revelation says that the saints were each given a white robe to wear (Rev 6:10). The text also speaks of the Church in a corporate sense as being clothed in righteousness: Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready; it was granted her to be clothed with fine linen, bright and pure” — for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints (Rev 19:7-8). Hence righteousness is imaged by clothing, and that clothing is given by God. At our baptism the priest makes mention of our white robe as an outward sign of our dignity that we are to bring unstained to the judgment seat of Christ. At our funeral too, the white pall placed upon the casket recalls the white robe of righteousness given us by God.
Scripture speaks elsewhere about our righteousness as a kind of provided clothing we “put on”:
- Rom 13:12 Let us then cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light
- Rom 13:14 But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.
- Eph 4:23 And be renewed in the spirit of your minds, and put on the new nature, created after the likeness of God in true righteousness and holiness.
- Eph 6:11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
- Eph 6:14 Stand therefore, having girded your loins with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness
- Col 3:10 You have put on the new nature, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator.
- Col 3:12 Therefore, as God’s chosen people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience.
- 1 Thess 5:8 But, since we belong to the day, let us be sober, and put on the breastplate of faith and love, and for a helmet the hope of salvation.
Hence, when the king comes upon a man “not properly dressed” he is confronted. And, saying not one word in reply, he is cast out. But recall two things. First, this is not about a dress code, it is about a holiness code. The clothes are symbolic of righteousness. Secondly, remember, the garment is provided. We have no righteousness of our own, but only what God gives us. Hence, the refusal to wear the clothes is not about poverty or ignorance of the rules. It is an outright refusal to accept the values of the Kingdom of God, and to “wear” them as a gift from God.
Scripture says of heaven Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful (Rev 21:27). Scripture also warns us, without holiness no one will see the Lord (Heb 12:14b) And old Spiritual says, None can walk up there, but the pure in heart. Consider that heaven would not BE heaven if sin and unrighteousness were allowed to commingle there.
Now only God can make us pure enough to enter there and he offers this gift of purity to everyone. Yet not everyone chooses to accept the garment of righteousness he offers, and will not agree to undergo the purification necessary to enter heaven.
The Lord concludes by saying that many are called, but few are chosen. Indeed the Lord calls many, (likely, all). But far fewer are chosen for they themselves choose against the offer of the Kingdom and the garment of righteousness. God thus ratifies their choice by choosing them not.
Some final notes:
Understand the urgency with which Jesus speaks and teaches. Our choices have consequences and, at some point our choices become fixed. Further, at that point, God will ratify what we have chosen. Notions of judgment, fixed choices and Hell may be obnoxious to some on the modern world, and surely these teachings are sobering and even scary to all. We may have legitimate questions of how to square hell with God’s mercy. But nonetheless Judgement, the final fixity of our choices and the reality of Hell are all still taught despite our objections or questions. And they are taught by the Lord Jesus who loves us. No one love you more than Jesus Christ, and yet, no one spoke of hell more than Jesus Christ.
It is as if the Lord is solemnly urging us to be sober and serious about our spiritual destiny. And likewise to be sober and serious about the spiritual condition of those we love. If nothing else, hear the Lord’s urgency in this vivid parable, told in shocking detail. Realize it is told in love and heed its message.
A final picture. In Luke 15, the Lord told the parable of the Prodigal Son. And the sinful son returned to his father, who, being joyful and moved, threw a great feast. But the other son sulked and refused to enter the feast. Incredibly, his father came out and pleaded with him to enter the feast. “We must rejoice!” he said. And, strangely, the parable ends. We are not told if the sulking son enters. The story does not end because you must finish it. You are the son. So is your spouse, so are your children and friends. And what is your answer? Will you learn to forgive and accept all the kingdom values and enter….or will you stand outside? What is your answer? And what are you doing to help ensure the proper answer from you spouse, children, brothers, sisters, and friends? What is you answer? What is theirs? The Father is pleading for us to enter the feast. What is your answer?
Photo Source: The New Open Bible.com
This Song says, I got a robe, you got a robe, all God’s children got a robe. When I get to heaven gonna put my robe and go wear it all over God’s Heaven. Heaven, (Everybody talking ’bout Heaven ain’t a goin’ there), Heaven, gonna walk all over God’s heaven.
9 Replies to “Party or Perish – A Reflection on the Gospel for the 28th Sunday”
God is always merciful. It is the wicked and sinful men who refuse God’s mercy and forgiveness. On the cross the Murderous, who accepted the mercy of God, was saved. However the thief faced his own prepared condemnation since he still refused the mercy of God at the last hour.
Thank msgr. For this great post. I’ve been wondering earlier on why the King would have to send the man on the wrong robe out (he invited him at the first place). But now I got it clear n I pray that God helps us to be on the right robe on that day of the great ‘Feast’.Amen. I love this blog,it helps me alot…
Sunday is party day 🙂
“If Hell exists, it is only because of God’s reverence for our freedom to choose.”
Wow, that one statement alone is worth much pondering! Thank you Msgr. for an excellent homily, Can’t wait to hear it on the podcast!
PS: I might use some of this in one of my homilies!
As always, a great teaching on the meaning of the Scripture verses and how they connect with other verses and chapters. Thank you.
Perhaps I have the wrong understanding about forgiveness but I am unable to forgive someone who has wronged me unless he acknowledges his wrongdoing, is sincerely sorry about it and if necessary makes restitution.
Then I can forgive 7 x 77 times but otherwise the notion of forgiveness is meaningless.
Both the thief on the cross and the prodigal son, each in his own respective way, did exactly what I believe is necessary to be forgiven and isn’t this what the Sacrament of Confession is all about?
So, forgiveness is something that must be earned?
If the wrongdoer has done all of these things, if he is sorry and makes full restitution, the debt has been paid, the scales of justice are again balanced, so what need has he of your forgiveness?
Or is forgiveness not a matter of justice? Is it instead a matter of charity and work of mercy? Is it something that is given gratuitously? And if forgiveness is entirely a gift, why make the wrongdoer jump through a bunch of hoops? The wrongdoer may NEVER say he’s sorry, and he may never be sorry. Are you going to carry that grudge around forever?
It is not a question of being “unable” to forgive. It is a question of being willing or unwilling to forgive.
Thank you Monsignor – beautifully put…
I posted a blog on a similar vein (but lacking the same ability to clarify that you are so good at). Have a look if you are interested:
Your careful explanations have helped me understand scripture better.
Would you please one day, write about the Genesis account of Abraham & Melchizedek? It seems rather mysterious, & I know I’m not picking up on all the messages in the biblical account. Thanx.
Comments are closed.