I am preparing some notes for a Retreat for Priests that I will be preaching this summer. And one of the Key texts I will be using is Paul’s farewell speech to the presbyters (priests) of the early Church. Here is a skilled bishop and pastor, exhorting others who have pastoral roles in the Church. Lets take a look at this text and apply its wisdom to Bishops and priests as well as to parents and other leaders in the Church.

Paul’s Farewell Sermon – The scene is Miletus, a town in Asia Minor on the coast not far from Ephesus. Paul, who is about to depart for Jerusalem summons the presbyters (priests) of the early Church at Ephesus. Paul has ministered there for three years, and now summons the priests for this final exhortation. In the sermon, St. Paul cites his own example of having been a zealous teacher of the faith who did not fail to preach the “whole counsel of God.” He did not merely preach what suited him or made him popular. He preached it all. To these early priests Paul leaves this legacy and would have them follow in his footsteps. Let’s look at excerpts from this final exhortation. First the text them some commentary:

From Miletus Paul had the presbyters of the Church at Ephesus summoned. When they came to him, he addressed them, “You know how I lived among you the whole time from the day I first came to the province of Asia. I served the Lord with all humility and with the tears and trials that came to me…., and I did not at all shrink from telling you what was for your benefit, or from teaching you in public or in your homes. I earnestly bore witness for both Jews and Greeks to repentance before God and to faith in our Lord Jesus…..But now, compelled by the Spirit, I am going to Jerusalem……“But now I know that none of you to whom I preached the kingdom during my travels will ever see my face again. And so I solemnly declare to you this day that I am not responsible for the blood of any of you, for I did not shrink from proclaiming to you the entire plan of God….. (Acts 20:1-38 selected)

Here then is the prescription for every Bishop, every priest and deacon, every catechist, parent and Catholic: that we should preach the whole counsel (the entire plan of God). It is too easy for us to emphasize only that which pleases us or makes sense to us or fits in our worldview. There are some who love the Lord’s sermons on love, but cannot abide his teachings on death, judgment, heaven and hell. Some love to discuss liturgy and ceremony, but the care of the poor is far from them. Others point to His compassion, but neglect his call to repentance. Some love the way he dispatches the Pharisees and other leaders of the day, but become suddenly deaf when the Lord warns against fornication or insists that we love our neighbor, enemy and spouse. Some love to focus inwardly and debate over doctrine, but the outward focus of true evangelization to which we are commanded (cf Mat 28:19) is neglected.

In the Church today, as a whole, we too easily divide out rather predictably along certain lines and emphases: Life issues here, social justice over there; strong moral preaching over here, compassionate inclusiveness over there. When one side speaks, the other side says, “There they go again!”

And yet somewhere we must be able to say with St. Paul that we did not shrink from proclaiming the whole counsel of God. While this is especially incumbent on the clergy, it must also be true for parents and all who attain to any leadership in the Church. All of the issues above are important and must have their proper place in the preaching and witness of every Catholic, clergy and lay. While we may have gifts to work in certain areas, we should learn to appreciate the whole counsel and the fact that others in the Church may be needed to balance and complete our work. It is true, we must exclude notions that stray from revealed doctrine, but within doctrine’s protective walls, it is necessary that we not shrink from proclaiming and appreciating the whole counsel of God.

And if we do this we will suffer. Paul speaks above of tears and trials. In preaching the whole counsel of God, (not just your favorite passages and politically correct and “safe” themes), expect to suffer. Expect to not quite fit in with people’s expectations. Jesus got into trouble with just about everyone. He didn’t just offend the elite and powerful. Even his own disciples puzzled over his teachings on divorce saying “If that is the case of man not being able to divorce his wife it is better never to marry!” (Matt 19). Regarding the Eucharist, many left him and would no longer walk in his company (John 6). In speaking of his divine origins many took up stones to stone him, but he passed through their midst (Jn 8). In addition he spoke of taking up crosses, forgiving your enemy and preferring nothing to him. He forbade even lustful thoughts, let alone fornication, and insisted we must learn to curb our unrighteous anger. Preaching the whole counsel of God is guaranteed to earn us the wrath of many.

As a priest I have sadly had to bid farewell to congregations, and this farewell speech of Paul is a critical passage whereby I examine my ministry. Did I preach even the difficult stuff? Was I willing to suffer for the truth? Did my people hear from me the whole counsel of God, or just the safe stuff?

How about you? Have you proclaimed the whole counsel of God? If you are clergy when you move on…..if you are a parent when your child leaves for college…..if you are a Catechist when the children are ready to be confirmed or have reached college age…..If you teach in RCIA and the time comes for sacraments……Can you say you preached it all? God warned Ezekiel that if he failed to warn the sinner, that sinner would surely die for his sins but that Ezekiel himself would be responsible for his death, (Ez 3:17 ff). Paul is able to say he is not responsible for the death (the blood) of any of them for he did not shrink from proclaiming the whole counsel of God. How about us?

The whole counsel of God; not just the safe stuff, the popular stuff, not just the stuff that agrees with my politics and those of my friends. The whole counsel, even the difficult stuff, the ridiculed things. The Whole Counsel of God.

This video contains the warning to the watchmen (us) in Ezekiel 3. Watch it if you dare.

6 Responses

  1. Joe says:

    Outstanding article. Thank you for writing it. Our hearts and lives are to be loyal to God alone and we are accountable to Him to be faithful to our baptismal promises and vows to reject sin, darkness and the enemy and to live whole heartedly in Jesus’s power. The whole council of God sets us free and others free. May we be faithful with this sacred trust that has been placed in our hands to set the world free from the chains of darkness. God is willing and more than able to make this happen. Thank you Lord.

  2. Nick says:

    Fear of humiliation – rooted in poor catechesis on our part and in rebellion against Christ on the world’s part – is why some Catholics don’t preach the whole counsel of God.

  3. Deacon Jimmy says:

    Excellent message for a priest retreat, actually could be used for many retreats. We are responsible and should take up our sWORD daily, along with the cross. Even tough our shoulders sag and our feet drag at the weight of our wood, our mouths and hearts should remain open and let the WORD of God flow through them.
    Keep up the great work Msgr. Pope, you are an inspiration to us out here. God bless.

  4. Blake Helgoth says:

    I am a catechist and am responsible for RCIA on a college campus. Because of severe time constraints, I am unable to preach the ‘whole counsel of God’ as the candidates are prepared. How does one decide, in a situation such as this, what doctrines on which to focus? Obviously, the Trinity and the Sacraments, the Passion death and Resurrection, the life of Grace, but then it get hazy as what is the most important.

  5. Peter Wolczuk says:

    Reminds me of my “gratitude list” and the things which I keep adding to it. One entry that I very reluctantly wrote down; and which remains the most difficult that I had to face; was gratitude for the people who tell me what I need to hear instead of what I want to hear.
    Thank you Monsignor for continuing to be one of those people.

  6. Glen says:

    Father,

    A number of people at my office are divorced, have recently been divorced, or are getting divorced. It physically pains me to listen to husbands talk about these matters. It hurts my heart. It’s as if I feel the sin.

    What do I say? I feel saying,”You are hurting your children,” is cold and callous. I feel saying,”This is scandalous and a sin,” is also cold and callous. My wife often says that I don’t know their situation, and it may be more complicated than I realize. For instance, no-fault-divorce makes it such that a spouse can have a divorce irrespective of the other’s wishes.

    Yet, the conclusion I draw from your post is that I most say these things.

    Thank you.

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