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Who is the Thief? Exploring One of Jesus’ More Provocative Images

September 4, 2017 3 Comments

One of the more interesting and surprising images the Lord used for Himself was “thief.” There is an indirect reference to this in the first reading for Tuesday of the 22nd week of the year. I’ll comment more on that passage in a moment, but first here are some other texts in which He used this imagery:

  • But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what time of night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have let his house be broken into. So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him (Matt 24:33; Lk 12:39).
  • Remember, then, what you received and heard. Keep it, and repent. If you will not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what hour I will come against you (Rev 3:3).
  • “Behold, I am coming like a thief! Blessed is the one who stays awake, keeping his garments on, that he may not go about naked and be seen exposed” (Rev 16:15).

St. Peter also used the image of a thief, but perhaps out of reverence for Christ, applied it more to the Day of Judgment.

  • But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, and then the heavens will pass away with a roar, and the heavenly bodies will be burned up and dissolved, and the earth and the works that are done on it will be exposed. (2 Peter 3:10).

In today’s first reading, which we will discuss in more detail, St. Paul used a similar image.

  • Now, brothers and sisters, about times and dates we do not need to write to you, for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape. But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief … let us be sober, putting on faith and love as a breastplate, and the hope of salvation as a helmet. For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Thess 5:1-4; 8-9).

It is provocative and even shocking that Lord would compare Himself to a thief. Let’s consider some of the implications.

1. By this image the Lord turns the tables. Thievery suggests unjust possession. In this sense, the Lord is clearly not a thief; He is using a simile. He says that He is like a thief, not that He is a thief. Indeed, how can the owner of all things unjustly possess what is already His?

The impact and indictment of the reference is on us, not on the Lord. That He would seem to any of us to be like a thief is indicative of our injustice, not His. Too easily we forget that the things we call our own are God’s and God’s alone. We are stewards, not owners. When the Lord comes to take what is rightfully His—and has always been—we should be grateful to hand it back with interest (see the Parable of the Talents). To those who have forgotten that they are mere stewards, the Lord will seem to come to steal from them. They will see His coming as threatening because He will put an end to their schemes and worldly wealth.

Because they wrongly see these things as theirs, they will see Him as a thief—or worse, a robber. In the Parable of the Vineyard (Matthew 21:30ff) the Lord says that they will beat His prophets and even kill His Son. The injustice and crime is theirs. God cannot steal what He already owns. The vineyard was His and He rightly sought His portion. Murderously, they sought to withhold what they thought was theirs but in fact was not.

The Lord’s ways are justice and truth. God will take back all that is His. We will pay for what we have stolen through greed, injustice, selfishness, lust, and gluttony. To some who forget that He is the true owner of the vineyard, He may appear to be like a thief, but it is really we who are thieves. We will cry “Thief!” but the Lord will simply reply, “You are the man; it is you who have said it” (see 2 Sam 12:7; Matt 26:64).

2. By this image the Lord speaks to the hidden quality of His presence to some. In using the image of a thief (Κλέπτης (kleptes) in Greek) the Lord speaks of a stealthy, hidden presence. Thieves do their work in hiding or when we are unaware. A robber, on the other hand, confronts you, taking what he wants with violence while you can only watch helplessly.

The word thief here is indicative of the Lord’s hidden presence. The Lord is not a thief, but He seems like one to those who are forgetful of His presence. Don’t fool yourself, thinking that He is not in the house of your life; He sees and knows everything.

3. By this image the Lord puts to the lie the illusion of our own hiddenness. Thieves work in hiding. Many people who sin and misuse what the Lord owns often forget that to God, nothing is hidden. Thus they meet the definition of a thief because they attempt to take or misuse secretly what is not theirs to begin with.

God may seem hidden and distant, but He is not. He sees everything, knows everything, and is reckoning everything. Every “hidden” deed of ours is written in the book. An ancient hymn says,

Lo the Book exactly worded
Wherein all has been recorded
Thence shall judgment be awarded.

When the Judge his seat attaineth
And each hidden deed arraigneth
Nothing unavenged remaineth (Dies Irae).

God is watching and He is closer to you than you are to yourself.

4. By this image the Lord exhorts us to remember and to be ready. A recent break-in at my rectory motivated me and the staff to become more careful and vigilant. But why should the loss of passing goods cause us more concern than the certain arrival of the Lord, the true owner of all things? Although He may seem to come like a thief, He is not a thief. The real questions I should be asking myself are these: Am I a thief? Have I used what God owns in ways that are against His will or that displease Him? If so, He will come when I least expect it and take what I wrongfully think is mine. I may think Him a thief, but He is not. As true owner, He cannot unjustly possess what is already His.

We had better think about this now because the Lord is already in the house and His presence will be disclosed at any moment. Are you ready? Are you watching? Be vigilant. The Judge stands at the gate, but He has the key, not you.

Is He a thief? No. Are you a thief? Am I?

Epilogue: There came a moment in Jesus’ life when He was praying in the Garden of Gethsemane and Judas, who was a thief (see John 12:6), led a band of brigands to arrest Him. Stepping forward, Jesus turned the tables on them and said, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me?” (Mk 14:48) Yes, He turned the tables on them and on the temple leaders who sponsored them. They saw Jesus as a usurper, as one who came to steal their priesthood and leadership. He was no thief, no robber. He was the great High Priest, the One who came to fulfill everything that they were supposed to be preaching. It was they who sought to kill him and unjustly possess the vineyard for themselves. To thieves, robbers, and murderers, Jesus was like a thief, but He was not. They were thieves—and even worse, robbers and murderers.

When Jesus says that He may be coming like a thief, be careful; He may be holding up a mirror to you!

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Comments (3)

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  1. Nick says:

    Jewish Encyclopedia on Jewish eschatology: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5849-eschatology

    My paraphrase:
    – the Day of the Lord, or Judgment Day, will come suddenly like a great fire
    – on said Day, all of Israel will be resurrected, handed the Kingdom of God, judge the gentiles, and there will be no more death or suffering
    – no one can calculate the Day, but everyone can repent during the season of repentance that proceeds it
    – said season will be filled with suffering (plagues, wars, death, poverty, etc.) and evil (false messiahs, corrupters, wolves in sheep clothing, rejection of the Torah, etc.) to test Israel, which will culminate with the coming of the Messiah
    – Messiah will convert gentiles by performing the Plagues of Egypt and many miracles, bring a new Law or Torah written on every Jew’s heart, make Israel feast on supernatural food and on the flesh of the Leviathan during the Seudat Nissuin of the Marriage between God and Israel, reign for seven millennium with Moses and Elijah (during which time there will be world peace), then die in a war between the Kingdom of God and the gentiles outside Jerusalem
    – said war will be twofold: the Messiah’s own suffering on behalf of Israel, and a battle of prayer; God will triumph by resurrecting the Messiah, and converting the gentles
    – the coming of the Day like a great fire will regenerate and renew the world, making it shine wwhith glory and ending all suffering and death
    – with the new Law of the Messiah, all of Israel will enter a new Jerusalem after resurrecting, being handed the Kingdom, and judging the gentiles
    – said new Jerusalem will combine Heaven and Earth, creating a new Garden of Eden for Israel
    – no one knows what the new Eden will be like, but it will be greater than the primitive Garden of Eden and the time of the Messiah combined
    – Jews who do not repent will be treated the same as unrepentant gentiles: throw into Gehenna, where they will either be destroyed (rather than resurrected) or suffer forever in their resurrected bodies

  2. Morrie Chamberlain says:

    Jesus teaching is always done in love, the willing of the good for the other. It is for our good that Jesus exhorts us to be ready, to fear hell, to have reverence for God, to follow Him.

  3. Marshall says:

    I have been studying the Parable of the Unrighteous Servant in Luke 16, where Jesus recommends “make friends for yourselves by means of unrighteous wealth, so that when it fails they may receive you into the eternal dwellings.” Is there a kind of righteous thievery where we steal from the Masters of the World in order to build the Kingdom?

    … I think it’s great that Jesus took Judas, who he knew was a thief who had come to steal, and put him in charge of the bag. Turn the tables!!

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