We live in difficult times for the Church; from many sectors the very legitimate cry for reform goes up frequently. Beyond the sexual abuse scandal there are also deep concerns regarding the uncertain trumpet of Catholic preaching, lukewarm and nominal Catholics, an overall lack of self-discipline among Catholics, and a lack of disciplining by the bishops and clergy of those Catholics (lay and clergy) who cause scandal. The list of concerns is long, and in general I have been sympathetic on this blog to the need for reform and greater zeal in the Church.
The Gospel this Sunday, however, featuring the Parable of the Wheat and Tares, cautions against overzealousness in the attempt to root out sin and sinners from the Church. The Lord’s warning to the farmhands who wanted to tear out the weeds was that they might harm the wheat as well. He wants them to wait until the harvest. There will come a day of reckoning, but it is not now.
This does not mean that we are never to take notice of sin or to rebuke a sinner. There is certainly the need for discipline in the Church; other texts call for it as well. But today’s Gospel is meant to warn against a scouring that is too thorough, a puritanical clean sweep that overrules God’s patience and seeks to turn the Church from a hospital for sinners into a germ-free (and hence people-free) zone.
We are going to need to depend on God’s patience and mercy if any of us are to stand a chance. People who summon the wrath of God upon (other) sinners may end up destroying themselves as well. We all have a journey to make from being an “ain’t” to being a saint.
Let’s allow today’s Gospel to give us some guidance in finding the right balance between the summons to reform and the summons to patience. The guidance comes in four steps.
I. WAKE UP. Jesus proposed another parable to the crowds, saying: “The kingdom of heaven may be likened to a man who sowed good seed in his field. While everyone was asleep his enemy came and sowed weeds all through the wheat, and then went off.”
Notice that everyone was sleeping when the enemy sowed weeds. It is a great mystery as to why God allowed Satan to do this in the first place, but there is far less mystery as to why Satan has been so successful in our times. The weeds are numerous and are vigorously growing. Part of the reason for this is that we in the Church have been sleeping while Satan has been steadily sowing his weeds among us.
Don’t just blame the Church leadership (although we certainly share plenty of the blame). Many throughout the Church have been in a deep moral slumber. Too many Catholics will watch anything, listen to anything, and expose themselves to anything. We just “go with the flow,” living unreflective, sleepy lives. We also allow our children to be exposed to almost anything. Too many parents don’t know enough about what their children are doing: what they watch, what they listen to, where they are surfing on the Internet, and who their friends are. We rarely think of God or His plan for our lives. On the whole, our priorities are more worldly than spiritual. We are not awake and wary of sin and its incursions; we are not outraged. We take little action other than to shrug. We seem to be more concerned with fitting in than in living as a sign of contradiction to the ways of the world.
Church leadership, too, has been inwardly focused. While the culture was melting down beginning in the late 1960s, we were tuning guitars, moving the furniture in the sanctuaries, debating about Church authority, engaging in gender wars, and having seemingly endless internal squabbles about every facet of Church life. I do not deny that there were right and wrong answers in these debates and that rebellious trends had to be addressed, but while all this was going on Satan was sowing seeds and we lost the culture.
We are just now emerging from 50 years in a cocoon to find a world gone mad. We who lead the Church (clergy and lay) have to admit that this happened on our watch.
It is long past time to wake up to the reality that Satan has been working while we’ve been bickering and singing songs to ourselves.
Blaming one side of the Church or the other, faulting this kind of liturgy or that, is not very helpful because the focus is still inward.
It’s time to wake up and go out. There is work to be done in reclaiming the culture for Christ and in re-proposing the Gospel to a world that has lost it.
Step one in finding a balance between the need for reform and the need for patience is to wake up.
II. WISE UP. When the crop grew and bore fruit, the weeds appeared as well. The slaves of the householder came to him and said, “Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where have the weeds come from?” He answered, “An enemy has done this.”
Part of the sobriety we have to regain is the understanding that we have an enemy who hates us—Satan. He is responsible for much of the spiritual, moral, and even physical ruin we see around us. We have been dismissive of his presence for far too long, as though he were a fairy tale. While we cannot blame everything on him, for we connive with him and also suffer from weakness of the flesh and susceptibility to the bad influence of the world, Satan is real; he is an enemy and he hates us. He hates our children. He hates the Church. He hates anything and anyone holy or even on the path to holiness.
We have to wise up and ask the Lord for an anointing. We need not utterly fear the devil, but we do need to understand that he is at work. We need to learn his moves, designs, tactics, and tools. Once we can recognize him, we need the grace to rebuke him at every turn.
Now be careful here. To wise up means to learn and understand Satan’s tactics, but it does not mean to imitate them in retaliation. Upon waking up and wising up, some want to go right to battle—but in worldly ways. The Lord often proposes paradoxical tactics that are rooted in the wisdom of the cross, not the world. Wising up to Satan and his tactics does not typically mean to engage in a full frontal assault. Often the Lord counsels humility to battle against pride, love to conquer hate, and accepted weakness to overcome strength.
To wise up means to come to the wisdom of the cross, not the world. The Lord is not nearly as warlike in His response to His enemy as some reformers propose to be. It is fine to be appropriately zealous for reform and to want to usher in change rapidly, but be very careful what wisdom you are appealing to. Scripture says, Do not deceive yourselves. If any one of you thinks he is wise by the standards of this age, he should become a “fool” so that he may become wise. For the wisdom of this world is foolishness in God’s sight (1 Cor 3:19-20).
Step two in a finding a balance between the need for reform and the need for patience is to wise up.
III. WAIT UP. His slaves said to him, “Do you want us to go and pull them up?” He replied, “No, if you pull up the weeds you might uproot the wheat along with them. Let them grow together until harvest …”
We have already laid the groundwork for the Lord’s rebuke to these overly zealous reformers. Today in the Church we are well aware of the need for reform; so is the Lord. He says, clearly, an enemy has done this. Yet to those who want to go through the Church rooting out every sinner, ne’er-do-well, and bad theologian (and there are many), and who call for a severe clampdown by bishops across the board, the Lord presents a balancing notion.
There is need for discipline in the Church and even for punitive measures from time to time. The Lord himself proposes excommunication in certain instances (e.g., Matt 18:17); St Paul does, too (e.g., 1 Cor 5:5). Yet these texts need to be balanced by texts such as today’s Gospel. Fraternal correction is an essential work of charity but it must be conducted with patience and love.
The Lord is patient. In today’s Gospel, He directs us to be prepared to wait, and to not be overly anxious to pull out weeds lest we harm the wheat. Remarkably, the Lord says, let them grow together. Notice that now is the time to grow; the harvest comes later. In certain (rare) instances the harm may be so egregious that the Church must act to remove the sinner or to discipline him or her more severely, but there is also a place for waiting and allowing the wheat and tares to grow together. After all, sinners may repent; the Lord wants to give people the time they need to do that. Scripture says, God’s patience is directed to our salvation (2 Peter 3:9).
So while there is sometimes a need for strong discipline in the Church, there is also this directive to balance such notions. Leave it be; wait. Place this in the hands of God. Give the sinner time to repent. Keep working and praying for that but do not act precipitously.
We have had many discussions here on the blog about whether and how bishops should discipline Catholic politicians who, by their bad example and reprehensible voting patterns, undermine the Gospel and even cost lives through their support of abortion and euthanasia.
While I am sympathetic to the need for them to be disciplined, it remains a judgment for the bishop to make as to who, how, and when.
There are Scriptures that balance one another. In the end, we cannot simply make a one-size-fits-all norm. There are prudential aspects to the decision and the Lord Himself speaks to different situations in different ways.
In today’s Gospel the Lord says that we should wait. Generally, this is good advice to follow. After all, how do we know that we don’t or won’t need more time? Before we ask God to lower the boom on sinners we ought to remember that we are going to need His patience and mercy too. Scripture says, The measure that you measure to others will be measured back to you (Matt 7:2; Luke 6:38). Be very careful before summoning God’s wrath, for who may endure the Day of his coming? (Mal 3:2)
Step three in a finding a balance between the need for reform and the need for patience is to “wait up” and balance zeal with patience.
IV. WASH UP. Then at harvest time I will say to the harvesters, “First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles for burning; but gather the wheat into my barn.”
So you see there is a harvest. Those who have sinned or led others to sin, and have not repented, are going to have to answer to the Lord for it.
The Lord is no pushover; He does not make light of sin. In telling us to wait, He does not mean to say that judgment will never come, but His general advice is to leave it to Him. To us He says, in effect, “As for you, wash up, get ready, and help others to get ready as well. Judgment day is surely coming and every knee will bend to me; everyone will have to render an account.”
That’s it. Wash up! You’re either going to be a saint or an “ain’t.” For now, the wheat and tares grow together. But later the tares and all the weeds will be gathered and cast into the fire.
Step four in a finding a balance between the need for reform and the need for patience is to “wash up,” to get ready.
So here’s the balance: God is patient, but there is ultimately a harvest. By God’s grace we have to get ready for it. To the overly zealous God says, “Wait,” but to the complacent He says, “Wake up, wise up, and wash up.”
Here is a great exposition on this Gospel by Fr. Francis Martin. Don’t miss it!
10 Replies to “Saint or Ain’t? A Homily for the 16th Sunday of the Year”
Wrath of God is a misreading of Justice of God in the Scriptures. Divine Justice is the Divine Rectitude of Divine Love. God’s Justice justifies us by Christ’s Self-Sacrifice – His Act of Love for us – upon the Cross, so let us pray for Justice to pour out upon us so that we may become just like God.
Indeed, false claims that Divine Wrath or Justice will strike the Earth, or sinners, or descend upon people or nations, or wishes to root out certain people from the Church or the world, contradict the Faith:
– God gave the Canaanites time to repent (Wisdom 12:5-11, Joshua 2:1-21), and He converted Israel’s worst enemies: Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 3:95-100), Darius (Daniel 6:26-29), Heliodorus (2 Maccabees 3:29-40), and Nineveh (Jonah 3;6-10)
– Jesus chose the Apostle Judas and He did not kick him out of His Episcopal College even when Judas stole His Money or betrayed Him (John 12:4-6)
– “Paul presents the risen Jesus to Gentile converts as the one ‘who rescues us from the wrath that is coming’ (1 Th 1:10). ‘Now that we have been justified by his blood, much more surely will we be saved through him from the wrath’ (Rm 5:9).” (Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible, 80)
– “The ‘day of the Lord’s wrath’ is really the day described in the second part of the Psalm when the ‘poor’ are lined up on the side of God to fight against evil.” (Saint John Paul II, General Audience of May 23, 2001)
Such false claims are peddled by false apparitions: Our Lady of Akita (“With my Son I have intervened so many times to appease the wrath of the Father”), Anne a lay Apostate (“My just wrath is a terrible thing to behold and you would not like it to be directed at you”), and Saint Joseph of Itapiranga (“Look, my son, I hold his right hand, preventing Him from pouring out his justice upon all humanity.”).
Yes – there is to be in the end a final reckoning. But, as Fr Charles says, it will be in God’s hands – not ours!
Meanwhile – how about “Starting With The Man In The Mirror?” If Msgr Charles will permit me, here are a few apposite texts to go along with, and strengthen, today’s Gospel.
It is of course right to discipline those who transgress, in gentle Christian love and, as St Paul tells the Corinthians in his second letter, chapter 2:7 when a man is caught in serious sin and has been given his punishment:
“So instead, you ought to forgive and comfort him, so that he will not be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow.” This means restoring the repentant person fully to communion in the church – with no strings attached!
But then again, he tells the Galatians, in chapter 6:1 –
“Brothers, if someone is caught in a trespass, you who are spiritual should restore him with a spirit of gentleness. But – watch yourself, or you also may be tempted.”
Note well that final sentence in the light of Msgr Charles’ words on ‘wising up’ . . . !
That brings me back to ‘The Man In The Mirror’.
In any kind of judgement of ‘other’ sinners’ actions and in disciplining, it is as well to always keep very firmly in mind our Lord’s own words when He tells us:
“How can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ while there is still a beam in your own eye? You hypocrite! First take the beam out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.” Matthew 7:4-5.
Whenever I am tempted to tell ‘other’ sinners where they are going wrong, I beg God to give me a really good look at ‘myself’ in the mirror and to sort out my own sinning first!
So let’s all pray for each other that we will be given the grace to be made a ‘mirror image’ of Our Lord Jesus.
God bless all.
I thought the wheat and tares grew from the seed. That being God’s word and the liars’. They develop into ideas which we buy or not.
Thank you Rev.Msgr Pope on the warnings for the need for both trusting hope in The Lord and caution .
‘When every one was asleep ..’ – ? may be from Adam and Eve on down ..
Have been wondering too if one way to deal with the weediness in ourselves might be the yearning for perfect contrition , in recognizing more how sin offends God ,
even in flesh and blood terms , as He has revealed to saints such as St.Faustina .
Seems this aspect of sin gets very little mention anymore ; the desire to console God , in one sense incomprehensible that an infinite God needs the consolation from us poor little creatures ; yet , in line with the truth and love of our incarnate God – a truth that is not present in any other faith AFIK.
That may be the route to avoid excessive self focus , self pity etc .too .
May His mercy be with all .
Please tell Fr. Francis that many of the women in porn movies are forced, not there for the fun of it or for the money. Many are addicts and runaways who are forced into sex slavery. It is mostly men making these movies, and just as many men are in porn movies as are women. Some of those movies are exclusively men, so I was a bit surprised to hear him single out the women in porn movies as the ones who are causing men to sin. There is enough sin to go all around and back again. Other than that, a very good piece! Thank you, Fr for posting it!
Barb, I agree. Sin has no limits on race, gender, income level, education – or religion.
“…surprised to hear him single out the women in porn movies as the ones who are causing men to sin.”
I bet that this priest has heard 1,000’s of confessions from men who suffer from women-in-porn. I wonder how many women have confessed thier sin of making porn to this priest? I bet it is way less than the men. Ask a priest sometime. Plus I will give this priest the benefit of the doubt that he wasnt simply ‘singling out women’. As if he what? Hates women?
It seems as if, realizing that they were entering an unfolding of the overall covenant (into what we call the New Testament) was a process to the discples.
In Luke 9:54 James and John sought to call fire from Heaven as Elijah had in 1 Kings 1:10-12, not fully realizing that the Physician had arrived for the soul sick.
I noticed your inclusion of “the uncertain trumpet of Catholic preaching”. Indeed, as seen in some of the comments here.
These days lay people are understandably reluctant to ‘put their trust in any child of Adam, not even Princes’ [of any church]. Ps 146:3, NJB There are still many who would be willing to offer some trust to scripture, if someone could be found to explain it to them. Acts 8:26 ff. It was of course Paul who used the analogy of the Roman army’s use of trumpets in battle, in a different key for each group. Misunderstanding one’s signal could prove fatal.
I’m often disturbed by the lay Catholic’s ignorance of ‘the Bible that the Church gave the world’.
Patience, friend. One does not grow closer to God because of competition with a rival, but because of love.
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