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Stop Yoking Around – A Meditation on the Gospel for the 14th Sunday of the Year

July 2, 2011

We who live the West, live in a time and place where almost every burden of manual labor has been eliminated. Not only that, but creature comforts abound in almost endless number and variety. Everything from air conditioning, to hair conditioning, from fast food to 4G internet, from to indoor plumbing to outdoor grilling, from instant computer downloads to instant coffee machines. You don’t even have to write a letter anymore, just press send and its there. Yet despite all this, it would seem we modern westerners still keenly experience life’s burdens, for recourse to psychotherapy and psychotropic drugs are widespread.

It is increasingly clear that Serenity, is an inside job. Merely improving the outside and amassing creature comforts is not enough. A large fluffy pillow (until we get bored with it) may cushion the body, but apparently not the soul.

Jesus today, wants to work on the inside just a bit and presents us a teaching on being increasingly freed of our burdens. He doesn’t promise a trouble free life, but if we will let him go to work, we can grow in freedom and serenity. Jesus gives a threefold teaching on how we can experience greater serenity and freedom from our burdens. We do this by filiation, imitation, and simplification.

I. Filiation – The Gospel today opens with these words: At that time Jesus exclaimed:  “I give praise to you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, for although you have hidden these things from the wise and the learned you have revealed them to little ones. Yes, Father, such has been your gracious will. All things have been handed over  to me by my Father.  No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son wishes to reveal him.”

Note how Jesus contrasts the “wise and learned” from the “little ones.” And in so doing Jesus commends to us a child-like simplicity before our heavenly Father, our Abba, our “Daddy – God.” This is the experience of divine filiation, of being a child of God, of being one of God’s “little ones.” The wise, learned and clever often miss what God is trying to do and say, and because of this, they are anxious and stressful.

It is possible for a person to study a great deal, but if they don’t pray, (if they do go before God like a little child) they are not going to get very far. The Greek word translated here as “revealed” is  ἀπεκάλυψας (apekalupsas) which more literally means “to unveil.” And only God can take away the veil, and he only does it for humble and simple. Thus Jesus commends to our understanding the need for childlike simplicity and prayerful humility.

Half our problem in life, and 80% of the cause of our burdensome stress, is that we just think too much and pray too little. We have big brains and small hearts and so we struggle to understand God, instead of trust him. Though our reason is our crowning glory, we must never forget how to be a little child in the presence of God our Father. No matter how much we think we know, it isn’t really very much. Jesus’ first teaching is filiation, of embracing a child-like simplicity before our Daddy-God.

What does it mean to be childlike? Consider how little children are humble. They are always asking why and are unashamed to admit they do not know. Children are also filled with wonder and awe, they are fascinated by the littlest and the biggest things. Children know they depend on their parents, and instinctively run to them at any sign of trouble, or when they have been hurt. And they trust their parents. Not only that but they ask for everything, they are always seeking, asking and knocking.

And thus Jesus teaches us that the first step to lessening our burdens is to have a childlike simplicity with the Father wherein we are humble before him, acknowledging our need for him, and dependance on him for everything. He teaches us to have a simplicity that is humble enough to admit we don’t know much and want to learn from him, a wonder and awe in all that God has done, and an instinct to run to God in every danger, or when we are hurt and in trouble.  Above all, Jesus teaches us by this image to grow each day in trust of Abba, and a confidence to ask him for everything we need. The Book of James says, You have not because you ask not (4:2). An old spiritual says, I love the Lord; he heard my cry; and pitied every groan. Long as I live and troubles rise; I’ll hasten to his throne.

Yes, run! With childlike simplicity and trust.

So here is the first teaching of Jesus on letting go of our burdens: growing in childlike simplicity and trust before God our loving Father and Abba.

II. Imitation – The text says: “Come to me, all you who labor and are burdened, and I will give you rest…..for I am meek and humble of heart; and you will find rest for yourselves. Jesus commends to us two characteristics of himself that, if we embrace them, will give us rest and relief from our burdens. He says he is meek and humble of heart. Let’s look at both.

What does it mean to be meek? The Greek word is πραΰς (praus) and there is some debate as to how it is best interpreted. Simply looking at it as a Greek word, we can see that Aristotle defined “praotes” (meekness) as the mean, or middle ground, between too much anger and not enough anger. Hence the meek are those who have authority over their anger.

However, many biblical scholars think that Jesus uses this word most often as a synonym for being “poor in spirit.” And what does it mean to be poor in spirit? It means to be humble and dependent on God. By extension it means that our treasure is not here. We are poor to this world, and our treasure is with God, and the things waiting for us in heaven. And here is a source of serenity for us, for when we become poor to this world, when we become less obsessed with success, power and possessions, many of our anxieties go away. To the poor in spirit the wealth of this world is as nothing. You can’t steal from a man who has nothing, and a poor man is less anxious because he has less to lose, and less at stake. He is free from this world’s obsessions and the fears and burdens they generate. And so Jesus calls us to accept from him the example from him and the growing experience in us of being poor in spirit.

Jesus also says that he is humble of heart. The Greek word here is ταπεινός (tapeinos) meaning lowly or humble and referring to one who depends on the Lord rather than himself. We have already discussed this at length above. But simply note here that the Lord Jesus is inviting us to learn this from him and to receive it as a gift. The Lord can do this for us. And if we will learn it from him and receive it, so many of our burdens and anxiety will be lifted.

Here then is the second teaching which Jesus offers us so that we will see life’s burdens lessened. He teaches us to learn from him and receive from him the gifts to be poor in spirit, and humble of heart. The serenity which comes from embracing these grows with each day, for this world no longer has its shackles on us. It cannot intimidate us, for its wealth and power do not entice us, and we do not fear the loss of these. We learn to trust that God will see us through and provide us with what we need.

III. Simplification – The text says: Take my yoke upon you…..For my yoke is easy, and my burden light. The most important word in this sentence is “my.” Jesus says, MY yoke is easy, MY burden is light.

What is a yoke? Essentially “yoke” is used here as a euphemism for the cross. A yoke is a wooden truss that makes it easier to carry a heavy load by distributing the weight along a wider part of the body or by causing the weight to be shared by two or more people or animals. In the picture at left, the woman is able to carry the heavy water more easily with the weight across her shoulders rather than in the narrow section of her hands. This eases the load by involving the whole body more evenly. Yokes are also used to join two animals and help them work together in pulling a load.

What is Jesus saying? He is first saying that he has a yoke for us. That is, he has a cross for us. Notice, Jesus is NOT saying that there is no yoke or cross or burden in following him. There is a cross that he allows for a reason and for a season.

Easy? But Jesus says the cross HE has for us is “easy.” Now the Greek word χρηστὸς (chrestos) is better translated “well fitting,” “suitable,” or even “useful.” In effect the Lord is saying that the yoke he has for us is suited to us, is well fitting, has been carefully chosen so as to be useful for us. God knows we need some crosses to grow and he knows what they are, and what we can bear, and what we are ready for. Yes, his yoke for us is well fitting.

But note again that little word “my.” The cross or yoke Jesus has for us is well suited and useful for us. The problem comes when we start adding to the weight, things of our own doing. We put wood up on our own shoulders that God never put there and never intended for us. We make decisions without asking God, undertake projects, launch careers, accept promotions, even enter marriages without ever discerning if God wants this for us. And sure enough, before long our life is complicated and burdensome and we feel pulled in eight directions. But this is not the “my yoke” of Jesus, this is largely the yoke of our own making. Of course it is not easy or well fitting, Jesus didn’t make it.

Don’t blame God, simplify. Be very careful before accepting commitments, and making big decisions. Ask God. It may be good, but not for you. It may help others, but destroy you. Seek the Lord’s will. Ask advice from a spiritually mature person if necessary. Consider your state in life, consider the tradeoffs. Balance the call to be generous with the call to proper stewardship of your time, talent and treasure. Have proper priorities. It is amazing how many people put their career before their vocation. They take promotions and accept special assignments, think more of money and advancement than their spouse and children. Sure enough, the burdens increase, and the load gets heavy, when we don’t ask God or even consider how a proposed course of action might affect the most precious and important things in our lives.

Stop Yoking around. Jesus final advice then, is take MY yoke….only my yoke. Forsake all others. Simplify. Stop yoking around. Take only His yoke. If you do, your burdens will be lighter.  Jesus says, “Come and learn from me. I will not put heavy burdens on you. I will set your heart on fire with love. And then, whatever I do have for you, it will be a pleasure for you to do. Because, what makes the difference is love.” Love and love lightens every load.

Image Credits:
Above right From Goodsalt.com Used with Permission.
Picture of Yoke from Seneca Creek Joinery
 
 

This video says, We do need a yoke, God is preparing us to cross over to glory.

This song says, “when troubles rise, I’ll hasten to his throne”

Filed in: Faith, homilies • Tags: , ,

Comments (7)

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  1. Nick says:

    The yoke of Christ includes great comfort for the poor: Namely, the testimony of the Cross.

  2. Nguyen Thuong MInh says:

    Epistle 185
    My some ideas of “the homily” of Msgr. Charles Pope are here below:
    Firstly, in the homily, Msgr. Charles Pope preached Today’s Gospel (3 July 2011).
    Msgr. Charles Pope preached that yoke is burden, and burden also is yoke.
    Msgr. Charles Pope stressed that let’s forsake all other yokes, but only take Jesus’ yoke because it is light.
    Generally speaking, I utterly agree with Msgr. Charles Pope on the homily.
    Secondly, but permit me to add some issues here below:
    The word “light” (adjective) is not “heavy” (adjective).
    But word “light” (noun) means “light of God” or “Truth”.
    Thus, the sentence “My burden light”, that is, “Burden of Jesus is light”, here “light” is an adjective. But if “light” is a noun, it means “burden of Jesus is light of God”.
    On the other hand, if we study all life of Jesus, we see that Jesus is a Preacher (or Teacher) and a Physician (or Doctor).
    Thus, the sentence “My burden light”, that is, Jesus wants to say to us that “If we want to save the people, we ought to be a good teacher or/and a good Doctor”.
    Good teacher and good doctor are two real disciples of Lord Jesus because a good teacher will make people see the truth, and good doctor will make people see their way./.

  3. abby schult says:

    Thank you Father for this homily. I was down about my husband starting hospice and now I believe again that this cross for us is built to save not harm us. Together with Jesus, one day at a time, we can have peace and comfort.

  4. esiul says:

    Yes, indeed, when you submit to His will, the YOKE does feel so much lighter.

  5. Irenaeus of New York says:

    Hello Father,
    I dont doubt the yoke could be read as the cross, but I have always had a different read of this. I associated the “yoke” with the Law. The Jewish Law was impossibly difficult for people to follow and Jesus both fullfilled and perfected the Law into very simple commandments of love.
    Pax,
    Irenaeus

  6. Will says:

    Our priest’s homily this weekend was on meek being slow to anger, bringing in the thoughts on Moses, so it’s good to have a different take on it. Good post Msgr.

  7. Rebecca says:

    Thank you Fr. Pope, thank you for making your homilies available on line in audio and on line in this written form. Your words are enlightening and your interpretation above helps bring hope and visions of peace and light.